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Agence pour la Recherche et l’Information en Fruits et Légumes
The Global Fruit and Veg Newsletter is a monthly newsletter distributing to 29 countries involved in the promotion of the consumption of fruit and vegetable worldwide to improve Public Health. The articles published are scientifically based and come from the literature review. This newsletter replaces the Ifava Scientific Newsletter published since 2006.
Extract : " Average intake of fruit and vegetables is, in Europe and North America, still below recommended levels. In addition, averages hide the disparities within a country, particularly with regard to an intake gradient according to socio-economic level. Knowing this, it is helpful to explain why individuals do not follow recommendations.
The articles presented in this edition of GFVN contain results that reveal how difficult it is to identify the barriers that are truly associated with fruit and/or vegetable intake..."
Article 1 : Perceived barriers towards healthy eating and their association with fruit and vegetable consumption
(Mc. Morrow & colleagues)
Extract : " Improving population diet is a key public health target. Poor dietary intakes have been associated with higher risk of non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and type 2 diabetes,
which have large health and economic consequences. James et al. stated there is an enormous potential health gain through eating a healthier diet. Exploring individual’s perceived barriers towards healthy eating may increase understanding of an individual’s diet, specifically fruit and vegetable consumption. This study investigates the associations between self-reported fruit and vegetable consumption and perceived barriers towards healthy eating..."
Article 2 : The role of perceived barriers in explaining socio-economic differences in adherence to the fruit, vegetable and fish guidelines in older adults: a mediation study
(S.C. Dijkstra, J.E. Neter, I.A. Brouwer, M. Huisman, M. Visser)
Extract : " People with a lower socioeconomic position (SEP) meet the dietary guidelines less often than people with a higher SEP. These SEP differences in dietary intake are also found among older adults. To increase fruit, vegetable and fish intake in the general population barriers to healthy eating have been identified including; disliking, limited cooking skills, no time to prepare healthy food, perception of high costs, no availability, or no motivation to change eating habits..."
Article 3 : The moderating effect of food security status on the association between documented barriers and fruit and vegetable intake
(K. Mook, BA. Laraia, VM. Oddo, JC. Jones-Smith)
Extract : " Diets rich in nutrient-dense foods like fruit and vegetables can promote health, prevent obesity, and lower risk for chronic diseases, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer. Despite these benefits, most Americans do not meet recommendations for daily fruit and vegetable intake. Studies investigating barriers to fruit and vegetable intake have identified several key factors associated with consumption, including: taste preferences, food preparation time, cost, and access. While most studies control for socio-economic variables, few consider the role of food insecurity. Food insecurity is commonly associated with poor nutrition and diet, poor health, and higher rates of female obesity, after controlling for income. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the relationship between barriers to healthy food consumption and reported intake rates differs by food security status..."
Extract : " Most people are aware of the recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption, but few apply them and even fewer know why! And yet the list of benefits is long. Their consumption is associated with a lower prevalence of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cerebrovascular accidents, hypertension, cancer, age-related cognitive decline and age-related macular degeneration.
Fruit and vegetables have plenty of surprises in store! Surprising benefits have come to light. People who consume large amounts of fruit and vegetables are less likely to smoke. If they smoke, they are less dependent on cigarettes, if they consume more fruit and vegetables, and are more inclined to quit smoking. Depression rates are lower: but more research is needed to understand the mechanisms..."
Article 1 : Implications of F&V intake on depression and cigarette smoking
(JP. Haibach & colleagues)
Extract : " Knowledge continues to expand on the benefits of fruit and vegetables (F&V intake for health. There is longstanding evidence that a diet high in F&V is protective against chronic disease, mental illness, and promotes overall physical and mental health. As we discuss in this article, several recent studies suggest that F&V might influence tobacco and drug use prevention. We further outline possible neurobiological and psychological mechanisms of explanation..."
Article 2 : Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Hip Fracture Risk: The CHANCES Project
(V. Benetou & colleagues)
Extract : " Hip fractures constitute a major and growing public health problem among older adults worldwide. Hip fractures are associated with considerable disability and reduced survival and, although they represent less than 20% of all osteoporotic fractures, they account for the majority of fracture-related health care expenditure and mortality in men and women over the age of fifty. Among environmental factors amenable to change, diet may play an important role in hip fracture prevention..."
Article 3 : Consumption of fruit and vegetables and risk of frailty: a dose-response analysis of three prospective cohorts of community-dwelling older adults
Extract : " Consumption of fruit and vegetables during adulthood has been associated with a decreased risk of several chronic diseases (i.e. heart disease, stroke or cancer) and a decreased mortality risk. However, very few studies have evaluated the potential health benefits of consuming these foods among older adults. In this context, our study aimed to evaluate the potential dose-response association between fruit and vegetables consumption and risk of frailty among community-dwelling older adults..."
Extract : " Although a diet rich in fresh fruit and vegetables is considered a cornerstone of good health, Canadians are still consuming less than the 7-10 servings per day recommended in Canada’s Food Guide. The studies featured this month illustrate how health behaviours in Canada are effected by various interventions and policies. In fact, shopping frequency, awareness of Canada’s Food Guide, and school based interventions are all methods we use to assess how overall consumption is impacted by external variables..."
Article 1 : Food shopping is associated with dietary outcomes in Ontario
Extract : " The vast majority of dietary energy consumed in Canada is purchased in food stores as opposed to restaurants. Little is known about why consumers choose to shop for food in the places they do, and how buying food at different types of food retailers is associated with dietary and weight outcomes. These gaps in knowledge are important because if we understand why people shop where they do and how food shopping is associated with dietary intake, both retailers and public health practitioners can create effective strategies to improve the diet quality of Canadians - starting in the food store..."
Article 2 : The Effectiveness of A School-Based Nutrition Intervention on Children’s Fruit, Vegetable and Dairy Product Intake
Extract : " Even though obesity is recognized as a complex and multifactorial problem, unhealthy eating habits are one important factor contributing to the emergence of childhood obesity and its healthrelated consequences. The last Canadian Health Survey revealed that children’s eating habits are not optimal and that fruit and vegetables (F&V) and dairy products (DP) represent the two food groups where the largest proportion of children and adolescents do not meet recommendations..."
Article 3 : Selecting cross-sector partners to work with the federal government on promoting healthy eating
(MA. Fernandez & V. Provencher)
Extract : " In response to child overweight and obesity being made a public health priority, Health Canada developed a series of healthy eating and education awareness initiatives. The final and third initiative was a social marketing campaign, the Eat Well Campaign: Food Skills (EWC), that promoted family meal planning and preparation to Canadian parents. Health Canada collaborated with cross-sector partners from the food retail industry, the media and the health sector to extend the reach and effectiveness of the EWC. Leveraging resources and expertise are important incentives for governments to work with partners. Developing solutions to address complex health problems, such as improving dietary behaviors, is complicated and requires the joint action of multiple sectors from the government, private industry and civil society..."
Extract : " A good way to represent ‘health’ in a picture is to use a mosaic. From far away you can see the whole image, but up close you see that the image is made up of many tiles. This example shows the complex nature of health; it is the result of many ‘tiles’ including good nutrition, physical activity and environment. For children, putting together the tiles is even more complex, as many decisions are made by parents and health status has to be developed and maintained. This GFVN issue shows the complexity of building positive and healthy eating habits, balancing genetic background (the tiles) and the environment (the glue)..."
Article 1 : Better diet quality may benefit children’s cognitive and academic performance
Extract : " Examining the components of the diet score, it was found that increased fruit consumption at age one was positively associated with cognitive performance at age ten, while increased soft drink consumption at age one was negatively associated with cognitive performance at age ten years. At two and three years of age, increased dairy consumption showed positive associations with later cognitive outcomes. These findings suggest that the promotion of a nutrient-dense diet for children during the early years is beneficial for cognitive development..."
Article 2 : Acceptance of fruit and vegetables during childhood: the impact of genetics, early experiences and the environment
Extract : " FVs are among the foods most commonly rejected by so-called fussy children. Fussy behaviour reaches its peak at around 20 months of age, and disappears between 5 and 8 years of age. Food neophobia, which is characterised by the refusal of unknown foods, is also linked to low acceptance of FVs. It has a strong genetic base (72-78%) in early childhood. The hypothesis that neophobia and fussy behaviour have the same genetic origin, and that this interacts with children’s taste for FVs, has been made..."
Article 3 : Are mealtime best practice guidelines for child-care centers associated with energy, vegetable, and fruit intake?
Extract : " The preschool years are a critical period for obesity prevention, as both eating habits and growth trajectories are established during this time. Data supports that children who become overweight/obese in early childhood have a five-fold increase of being overweight/obese adults. A key environment for obesity prevention efforts is the child-care center. 61% of preschool age children (3 to 6 years) are in child-care, where they spend an average of 33 hours per week and consume up to two-thirds of their daily caloric intake..."
Extract : " The increased burden of obesity and other diet-related diseases all around the world, concomitant with the industrialization and globalization of the food chain, pushed many public health authorities to regulating the information delivered to the final consumer through food labelling, at least for pre-packed foods. The three papers in this issue of the Global F&V Newsletter illustrate different aspects of the topic ranging from factual (neutral) information, still very diverse despite the efforts of the Codex Commission towards international harmonization (Padilla), the proposal of front-ofpack synthetic notation of food nutritional quality on the basis of nutrient profiling (Julia), to the suggestion of more stringent regulation of nutritional aspects of some types of food promotions (Jahns)..."
Article 1 : An overview of legislation and trends in food labelling
Extract : " Consumers are aware of dietary recommendations yet the number of people suffering from food related Non-Communicable Diseases is still increasing. Food labelling is supposed helping consumers to choose, but the format, number and types of nutrients that must be included on product labels vary from country to country1. While the information required in different countries about the ingredients contained in products is fairly homogeneous, concerning nutrients it is far from being the case..."
Article 2 : Discriminating nutritional quality of foods using the 5-Color Nutrition Label in the French food market
(C. Julia, S. Hercberg & E. Kesse-Guyot)
Extract : " Recent propositions in public health nutrition in France have put forward the use of a front-of-pack nutrition label on foodstuffs, as a complementary public health tool, in order to help consumers at the point of purchase. This label would summarize the nutritional quality of the food or beverage, based on the Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system (FSA score). The proposed format for the label would include five color-coded categories of nutritional quality (the 5-CNL), and presented in the form of a chain of five discs of the different colors..."
Article 3 : Diet quality of items advertised in supermarket sales circulars compared to the diets of the US population, as assessed by the Healthy Eating Index-2010
Extract : " Our results indicate that sales circulars may be nudging consumers in the direction of unbalanced diets by promoting items that are low in vegetables, fruits and dairy and higher in salt and discretionary calories. Modifying sales circulars to more closely reflect dietary guidance is a potential way for public health interventions to promote a healthier dietary intake, especially for budget-conscious shoppers..."
Extract : " This month’s edition highlights the extraordinary and relatively recent changes in food habits across the Western World which inevitably increase the risk of obesity and other disabilities for the majority of our populations. Three countries are highlighted – Australia, Germany and Norway – which have very different economies, indigenous foods and political processes for dealing with food chain regulations. Yet despite the discerning analyses of expert doctors and nutritionists with advice to policy makers, dramatic and unhealthy changes in food habits have occurred starting in the early 1980s..."
Article 1 : Dietary behaviours of young adults born into an obesogenic environment
(M. Allman-Farinelli, SR. Partridge, M. Nour & R. Roy)
Extract : " When it comes to vegetables, we discover young adults are the worst consumers. Poor intake is a usual scenario across the USA, UK, Australia and many Western European countries like Germany, Italy, and France. Evidence to support the role of vegetable intake in prevention of weight gain is equivocal but ten-year follow-up of a cohort of young adults in the US, showed males eating more vegetables gained less weight. In an intervention study to prevent incident obesity in overweight young adults, we showed that increased vegetable intake accounted for 20% of weight loss in intervention participants. Whether vegetables prevent weight gain or not, they certainly have a role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease, stroke and all-cause mortality..."
Article 2 : Ultraprocessed foods in Norway: an analysis of consumer purchase and expenditure
(SL. Solberg, L. Terragni, SI. Granheim)
Extract : " We found that both in 2005 and 2013 ultra-processed products dominated food purchases and expenditure in Norway: 59 % of food items purchased and 49 % of food expenditure was ultra-processed foods. All minimally processed foods combined accounted for only 17 % of purchases and 33 % of expenditure on food. Dividing food purchases into sub-groups showed that Norwegians spent less on and purchased less frequently minimally processed meat and poultry, fi sh and seafood, vegetables, potatoes, and fruit and berries compared to the respective processed and ultra-processed versions of these foods..."
Article 3 : The economic and intangible burden of obesity in Germany
Extract : " Unhealthy eating and resulting obesity are well-known and highly discussed threats to health that have increased to problematic extents in high income countries during the last decades. For years the WHO has pointed to the dangers of chronic non-communicable diseases that are caused by obesity. To underpin the urgency for preventive action against obesity in Germany, Tobias Effertz and colleagues from the University of Hamburg and the “Techniker Krankenkasse”, Germany´s biggest health insurance company within the statutory health insurance system, calculated the costs and consequences of obesity in Germany with claims data from the German statutory health insurance in a recent new study..."
Extract : " In 2012, in presence of representatives from FAO, PAHO and Ministry of health of Colombia, AIAM5 - the Global Alliance for the Promotion of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption «5 a day»- agreed in Cali (Colombia), to celebrate every year the World Fruit and Vegetables Day.
This day is intended to commemorate the importance of eating fruit and vegetables for human development, their key role in the biodiversity and sustainability of our planet, by increasing the consumption and production of fruit and vegetables to prevent and control NCDs and also to improve the global food security..."
Article 1 : Maintaining a healthy weight with the consumption of fruits and vegetables
Extract : " Promoting healthy dietary patterns fits into the 2010 Dietary Guideline for Americans. In particular, it includes a variety of fruits and vegetables (F&V) to prevent chronic diseases, like cardiovascular disease, and to help individuals maintain a healthy weight. However, unlike cardiovascular diseases, there is a lack of evidence on specific types of fruits and vegetables that may help individuals maintain “a healthy weight”. This study examined the relationship between increased F&V consumption and weight change over 24 years of follow-up among Americans..."
Article 2 : Improving Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Overweight and Obese Adults
Extract : " With over 37% and 22% of Americans consuming fruits and vegetables less than once per day, and rates of overweight and obesity rising, recommendations include to both increase consumption of fruits and vegetables and decrease consumption of high-energy, nutrient-poor foods. If maintained as part of an overall healthy lifestyle change, improvements in fruit and vegetable consumption may contribute to improved nutrient
intake, weight loss, and decreased disease risk in adults. Future studies should include post-intervention follow ups to determine the effectiveness over time of nutrition education on changes in fruit and vegetable consumption."
Article 3 : The Influence of Doctor’s Advice to Lose Weight on Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
Extract : "Of the 1,708 adults, 548 (32%) were obese. Of the 548 obese adults, 48% received doctor’s advice to lose weight and 68% stated they were attempting to lose weight. Seventy six percent of those who received advice to lose weight were attempting to lose weight compared to only 60% of those who did not receive advice.
Study participants who received doctor’s advice to lose weight ate more fruit and salad (p=0.03 and p=0.01,respectively). Participants who stated they were trying to lose weight were more likely to eat more fruit (p=0.004), more vegetables (p=0.01) and more likely to eat fruit and vegetables as snacks (p<0.001)... "
Extract : " These papers illustrate three barriers to Fruit and Vegetable (F&V) access that depress consumption among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) households. There are proven-effective strategies that can help close that gap [...].
Certain strategies boost SNAP F&V sales: connect with farmers and locally-grown programs, build stronger capacity in small stores, and use price-reducing incentives like rebates, discounts, specials, loyalty programs, and coupons. Fresh business approaches, plus education and marketing with other concerned stakeholders, offer extraordinary promise..."
Article 1 : Limited availability of healthy foods in small- to mid-sized SNAP-authorized food retailers
Extract : " Better access to supermarkets and healthy foods is commonly associated with healthy diets and reduced risk of obesity. However, in the U.S., supermarkets tend to be located in higher-income and lower-minority areas. Thus individuals living in lower-income communities are more likely to buy food in convenience stores with limited supply of healthy foods, which could lead to an increase of health risks..."
Article 2 : SNAP eligibility, cooking frequency and fruit and vegetable consumption in the U.S.
(JA. Wolfson & SN. Bleich)
Extract : " In response to persistently high rates of obesity and associated diet-related diseases, particularly among low-income populations, the education component of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (called SNAP-Ed) has recently shifted its focus from reducing hunger and food insecurity toward obesity prevention and nutrition.
SNAP-Ed, SNAP’s obesity prevention and nutrition education initiative, aims to help participants make healthy food choices within their limited budget, including increasing fresh fruit and vegetable consumption..."
Article 3 : Promotion of local farmers’ market as part of a healthy, sustainable food system
(SB. Jilcott Pitts)
Extract : " Farmers’ market shopping is an opportunity to enhance access to healthy foods, especially locally produced fresh foods. Farmers’ market shopping can also be a way to boost fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption. This could positively affect overall diet quality, as greater consumption of F&V is thought to be linked to improved weight maintenance and low chronic disease risk.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of farmers’ market shopping on fruit, vegetable, and sugary beverage consumption, as well as to examine barriers to and facilitators of farmers’ market shopping among low-income consumers..."
Extract : " America is in an exciting era of change focused on health, well-being and “doing good” – and the nation’s restaurants and chefs are playing a leading role by rising to the opportunity of creating enticing menu items with health and taste in mind [...]. Increasing produce in restaurant meals has been a longstanding goal of the Healthy Dining and Kids LiveWell programs [...].
[They] provide a proactive foundation for restaurants to demonstrate their culinary creativity and social responsibility regarding public health priorities. [...] The following research studies are excellent demonstrations of how researchers can provide convincing evidence for the restaurant industry to continue to add produce to menus – and ultimately improve the health of our nation, the world – and future generations".
Article 1 : Choose Health LA Restaurants: a voluntary restaurant recognition program
(LN. Gase, C. Montes and T. Kuo)
Extract : " Results suggest that participation in the Choose Health LA Restaurants program resulted in restaurants making changes to their primary and children’s menus. The majority of restaurants (12 brands) made at least some changes to increase the availability of reduced-size portions and/or modify the items available on their children’s menu. Results support restaurant compliance with program criteria and menu improvements, even though they are voluntary, representing an important first step toward implementing this strategy in the retail environment..."
Article 2 : Beyond chicken fingers and french fries: new evidence in favor of healthier kids’ menus
(S. Anzman-Frasca, H. Angstrom, V. Lynskey and C. Economos)
Extract : " The result [...] was a win-win for customers and the restaurant chain: orders of healthier items increased, and restaurant revenue continued to grow. After the menu changes, nearly half (46%) of children’s entrées ordered were from the healthier kids’ meal options, versus a mere 3% of entrées ordered before the changes. The proportion of kids’ meal orders that included at least one healthy side also increased dramatically—from 26% before the changes to 70% after..."
Article 3 : Working with restaurant managers and owners to improve children’s menus: A Best Food for Families, Infants, and Toddlers (Best Food FITS) intervention
(S. Hurd-Crixell, BJ. Friedman and D. Fisher)
Extract : " Meals consumed away from home may contribute to childhood obesity, as they often include sugar-sweetened beverages, and lack the lower-calorie, nutrient-rich fruit and vegetables found more frequently in home-cooked meals. While some interventions have attempted to improve restaurant menus, when we began this study in 2010, none had targeted children’s menus. The goal of our study was to seek voluntary assistance of restaurant managers and owners in San Marcos, Texas, to improve children’s menus by removing sugar-sweetened beverages, adding fruit and vegetables, and replacing at least some energy dense entrées. In particular, replacing sugar-sweetened beverages with water may be a promising strategy to reduce obesity risk..."
(J. Breda & JM. Jewell)
Extract : " The World Health Organization has long advocated for the increased consumption of fruit, vegetables, pulses and wholegrains, and recommends that they form the central basis of a healthy diet. However, we know that many people across the world do not consume the recommended 400 grams (or 5 portions) of fruit and vegetables per day – far from it in fact. This edition of the Global Fruit and Vegetable Newsletter highlights some of the important factors underlying inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption, and draws attention to persistent inequalities within and between countries..."
Article 1 : Comparison of fruit and vegetable intakes between Eastern and Western European populations
Extract : " As inadequate consumption of fruit is suggested as a modifiable risk factor for CVD, the difference in fruit intake may contribute to the gap in CVD mortality rates between Eastern and Western Europe. Dietary interventions which aim to increase fruit intake
in Eastern European countries have good potential to reduce CVD burden in the region and decrease health inequalities across Europe..."
Article 2 : Eating fruits and vegetables in U.S.and French family dinners
(T. Kremer-Sadlik and colleagues)
Extract : " The French children were exposed to a greater variety of fruit (14 types) than the U.S. children (4 types). More importantly, fruit was an integral part of the French dinner; all families served fruit as the last course of the meal (14 of 16 meals) and all children ate some. Fruit appeared in only 3 U.S. homes and only 3 children were observed to eat any.
While the French children were exposed to a greater variety of vegetables than the U.S. children (33 vs. 22 types), vegetables were present in most U.S. and all French dinners. But, did vegetables have the same value and consumption patterns in both sites?..."
Article 3 : Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and fruit and vegetable consumption: a seven countries comparison
(KE. Lamb and K. Ball)
Extract : " In developed countries, individuals of lower socioeconomic position (SEP; e.g. educational attainment, occupation, income), generally eat less fruit and vegetables than those of higher SEP. Beyond individual SEP, the local neighbourhood environment has the potential to influence the diet of residents. Residents of more disadvantaged neighbourhoods may be more likely to eat unhealthily if they cannot access stores in which healthy produce can be purchased. While there is some evidence to suggest that fruit and vegetable consumption is lower in residents of disadvantaged neighbourhoods findings have been mixed..."
Extract : " CN. Armah explains that the cruciferous vegetables like broccoli may exert their cardiovascular protection through many anti-oxidant substances which include the glucoraphanin, whose content is very high in the Benefortè type with specific effect on the reduction of LDL-cholesterol. A focus is done by CE. O’Neil on apples, which are shown to be the main indicator of fruit and vegetables consumption in the American diet and as a marker of healthy eating, are associated with low prevalence of obesity, including in children. Finally, C. Feart shows that the betacarotene-rich fruit and vegetables are reported to have their beneficial effect on cognitive impairment through lutein..."
Article 1 : Benefits from a diet rich in high glucoraphanin broccoli
(CN. Armah and colleagues)
Extract : " Studies with cell and animal models have suggested that health promoting properties of cruciferous vegetables, in particular, may be mediated in part by the biological activity of isothiocyanates, derived from the sulphur-containing glycosides known as glucosinolates that accumulate within this group of vegetables [...]. The reduction in risk of CVD and cancer, observed in epidemiological studies associated with the consumption of cruciferous vegetables, tends to be amongst those individuals who eat several portions per week, which is atypical of the general population. This implies that the level of isothiocyanates obtained from common dietary practices is insufficient to obtain health benefits..."
Article 2 : Eating apples for a better diet quality and to reduce risk of obesity among children
Extract : " Apples are the second most commonly consumed fruit in the United States, with 65% consumed as fresh fruit and 35% as processed apple products. Raw apples contain practically no total fat, saturated fatty acids, or sodium; and they have no cholesterol. One medium raw apple (182 g) with its skin provides approximately 95 kcals, 19g total sugars, 4g dietary fiber (22% of the daily value [DV]) this makes apples an excellent source of fiber..."
Article 3 : Higher lutein levels and lower risk of dementia
(C. Féart and colleagues)
Extract : " In the field of prevention of age-related cognitive decline, several nutritional strategies have been explored and diets rich in plant foods, i.e. fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and cereals, such as the Mediterranean diet, seem highly promising. However, the contribution of each class of nutrients to the protective effects of plant foods on cognition is still poorly understood. Vitamins C and E, polyphenols and carotenoids seem the most interesting nutrients although mixed results have been reported regarding the risk of all-cause dementia or Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) to date..."
Extract : " In this newsletter you will find summaries of three important articles that have considered health-related food taxes and subsidies written by Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Adam Briggs and Oliver Mytton. Their important work (partially summarised here) has added to the evidence surrounding food taxes and subsidies. The modelling studies described by Briggs and Ni Mhurchu are reminders that it is important to study the full effect of proposed tax and subsidy scenarios, including where possible both targeted foods and potential substitute foods, and vulnerable sub-populations. The review summarised by Mytton reminds us that whilst modelling studies can give in-depth results, it is important to gather evidence on real-life implemented tax and subsidy policies wherever possible in order to validate modelling results and provide policy makers with compelling evidence..."
Article 1 : Evaluating the health impacts of food and beverage taxes
Extract : " Before I wrote the original article that was published in Obesity Reviews, most of my work in this area, had been ‘modelling’. Modelling uses economic data to estimate the potential impact of price changes (from taxes or subsidies) on consumption and what that in turn would mean for people’s health (see Adam Brigg’s article for an example). Whilst I think these studies are important, I began to realise that the evidence these studies generated was only ever going to be part of the evidence jigsaw that policy makers sought..."
Article 2 : Effects of health-related food taxes and subsidies on mortality from diet-related disease in New Zealand: an econometric-epidemiologic modelling study
(C. Ni Mhurchu)
Extract : " A number of countries have introduced taxes on unhealthy foods, such as soft drinks, and evaluations suggest that they are effective in reducing consumption of targeted foods. The United Kingdom Healthy Start programme offers vouchers for fruit and vegetables to pregnant women on benefits, and Australia exempts fruit and vegetables (and other staple foods) from Goods and Services Tax.
However important gaps in the existing evidence base hinder the adoption and implementation of such policies in many countries. Gaps include the effects of compensatory purchasing of nontargeted food items; impact on different socioeconomic groups; and effects on long-term health and mortality..."
Article 3 : Overall and income specific effect on prevalence of overweight and obesity of 20% sugar sweetened drink tax in UK: econometric and comparative risk assessment modelling study
Extract : " We found that a 20% tax could reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages by about 15%, with the drinking of diet soft drinks, fruit juice, milk, and tea and coffee all increasing by between 3% and 4% to compensate. Overall, this would reduce the average daily energy intake by four kilocalories, however that number differs markedly by age. Younger adults (aged 16-29) would see the greatest reduction in daily calories intake (falling by over 13kcal) whereas there would be no change for adults aged over 50 years.
Overall, we predicted that the number of obese adults in the UK would fall by around 1.3%, or 180,000. The greatest impact would be among those aged 16-29 years where obesity rates would fall by 7.6%, compared to no change for adults aged over 50 years..."
Extract : " All authors stress the limits of current epidemiological evidence to support a protective role of polyphenols against colorectal cancer and other diseases and the need for more prospective studies with improved methodologies for measuring exposures to over 500 polyphenols scattered in a large diversity of foods. Such studies should contribute to the development of evidence-based recommendations for the general population or for specific groups of the population at risk of developing particular diseases..."
Article 1 : Dietary polyphenol intake in Europe
Extract : " Polyphenols are exclusively present in plant-based foods. Coffee, tea, and fruits are the most important food sources of polyphenols, although depending on the country their relative contribution can be quite different. [...] Fruits and fruit juices are the most abundant source of flavonoids (48%) and the second of total polyphenols (26%) in Mediterranean countries. Vegetables are in comparison minor contributors of polyphenol intake (<5%), because concentration of polyphenols is usually lower in vegetables than in fruits..."
Article 2 : Evidence for a protective effect of polyphenol-rich diet intake on healthy aging from the InCHIANTI study
(M. Rabassa, C. Andres-Lacueva & coll.)
Extract : " Amongst existing dietary patterns, diets high in fruits and vegetables have been shown protective effects against cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, cancer and total mortality. Fruits and vegetables are rich, among other potentially beneficial compounds, in phytochemicals, such as polyphenols. Polyphenols constitute a very heterogeneous group, with over 500 different compounds. The number of experimental studies on the protective role of polyphenols in aging has grown exponentially during the last years, even though the epidemiological evidence is still limited..."
Article 3 : Polyphenols, inflammation and colorectal cancer
Extract : " Population studies have shown that habitual consumption of diets rich in plant foods (fruit, vegetables, and plant beverages such as tea or coffee) was linked to a lower risk of several chronic diseases including cancer. Plant foods contribute toward health via their amino acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and dietary fibre, but also via a range of bioactive compounds, known as polyphenols..."
Extract : " WIC foods – including fresh, frozen, canned, and dried fruit and vegetables, prepared baby fruit, vegetables, and meats, low-fat dairy, whole grain cereals and bread, light tuna, salmon, sardines, and mackerel, canned and dried beans, peanut butter, eggs, juice, and iron-fortified infant formula - are specifically selected for their nutritional value to supplement the nutrients found lacking in the diets of low-income populations.
WIC families use cash value vouchers to purchase healthy fruit and vegetable options in retail settings or at farmers’ markets and food instruments (paper or electronic tools issued by WIC clinics for WIC eligible foods) to purchase prepared baby fruit and vegetables. Researchers are keenly interested in the success of fruit and vegetable uptakes since WIC began to include these in 2009. We are pleased to share three examples of their research..."
Article 1 : What’s Changed? - Comparing Food Intake Among Infants and Toddlers Participating in a South-Central Texas WIC Program Before and After Food-Package Changes
Extract : " Poor dietary trends have been accompanied by weight gain, with nearly 10% of children under the age of two having excess weight, and 31.8% of children ages 2-19 being overweight or obese. Low-income children experience even higher rates of obesity.
With the intent of addressing feeding practices among WIC participants, in 2009 the USDA implemented an interim rule that instigated considerable changes in the WIC food packages..."
Article 2 : Lessons from WIC: Nutrition education and dedicated funds for fruit and vegetables
Extract : " The aim of this paper is to consider lessons from WIC, an established program, for the relatively new, Healthy Start.
With regard to F&V consumption, the comparison found that nutrition education and dedicated funds for F&V are areas of WIC policy which the UK could explore to strengthen Healthy Start. It is of course important to recognize that WIC and Healthy Start have unique foundations, goals, and social and political contexts that have influenced administrative structures and program delivery. However, the similar objectives to supplement the diets of low-income women, infants and children indicate that there is value in comparing both policies to explore opportunities for learning..."
Article 3 : Fruit and vegetable consumption among WIC-enrolled children:
Differences by parental nativity and length of stay in the U.S.
Extract : " School meals Exposure to U.S. culture has been linked to a lower intake of fruit and vegetables (F&V). The aim of this study was to investigate the F&V consumption patterns of children of low-income immigrant parents. We focused on a sample of pre-school aged children who participate in the Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) in Los Angeles County, and assessed if children’s F&V intake varied by their parents’ nativity and length of stay in the U.S..."
Extract : " Increasing children’s fruit and vegetables intake is a significant goal of paediatricians, nutritionists, and public health experts. However this goal is not easy to reach, due to a strong obesogenic environment in which children are submerged even at home and at school.
Children are bombarded by junk food advertising, through their parents’ “life rush” driving the use of pre-packed foods even at family meals, and by often flavourless school meals prepared with technical difficulties. Despite this depressing picture, research to improve children’s F&V intake is happening in different settings especially in school cafeterias. The following three papers present explorations of different strategies to improve children’s F&V intake..."
Article 1 : How to increase vegetable intake among children?
Extract : " Unfortunately, only 13% of the American population and less than 5% of children (9-13 years old) eat the daily recommended amount of vegetables. Deciding what to eat often involves choosing among different possibilities. In this context, vegetables are typically much less attractive than tastier food on the same shelf, plate, or menu. This relative disadvantage poses a significant barrier to vegetable consumption: think about how hard it is to make a child eat carrots instead of candies when both are readily available..."
Article 2 : Encouraging vegetable intake among children
(E. van Kleef)
Extract : " Being overweight is not only caused by not getting enough exercise on a daily basis, but also an important reason is that we have gotten used to eating bigger portion sizes of particularly energydense food. Numerous studies have shown it again and again: larger portion sizes, serving devices and packages lead people to eat more, often without them realizing it. In the last decades, the portion sizes of many, often relatively unhealthy foods increased. An example is the family bottle size Coca-Cola that was introduced in the Netherlands in 1954 which contained 0.75 litres. Now a family bottle size contains double this volume or even 2 litres. This portion size phenomenon can also be observed in slices of cheese, potato chips and chocolate bars..."
Article 3 : Effects of choice architecture and chef-enhanced meals on the selection and consumption of healthier school foods
Extract : " School meals can make important contributions to the diets of children, and interventions that improve the selection and consumption of vegetables can have important health implications. Some research suggests that improving palatability should be prioritized to increase selection and consumption of vegetables, while other studies suggest that just modifying the food environment to “nudge” students towards the healthier vegetables (i.e. “choice architecture” techniques) may be sufficient. [...]. However, it was unclear if the effectiveness of choice architecture techniques diminishes over time or if there would be a benefit to combining both a chef-based approached to improve palatability with choice architecture..."
Extract : " Plant dietary products are rich in numerous vital micronutrients- vitamins and minerals and bioactive compounds, such as carotenoids and polyphenols. Their consumption,associated to a better lifestyle, contributes to the well-being and prevention of chronic diseases.
In this series, a focus is done by Prof. Shashirekha on polyphenols, which are particularly abundant in fruits and vegetables. [...] Vinha and her collaborators reported that polyphenols are submitted to moderate losses during cooking of green vegetables, whereas vitamin C is reduced by about 50% and could reach more than 70% in thin leafy vegetables. [...] Prof. Srinivasan points towards the importance to promote strategies to improve the bioavailability of micronutrients, either by eliminating some plant dietary compounds..."
Article 1 : Bioactive components in fruit and vegetables: The case of polyphenols
Extract : " For the polyphenols, despite their beneficial effects on human health, especially for their antioxidant and chemo-preventive properties, no recommended daily intake has been established. This could be mainly explained by the current lack of knowledge on their biological activities, the inconclusive data on bioavailability and pharmacokinetics and the incomplete food composition data in regard to the numerous dietary phenolic structures..."
Article 2 : The cooking effect on the phytochemical content of green vegetables traditionally consumed in the Mediterranean diet
(AF. Vinha, RC. Alves, ASG. Costa, MBPP. Oliveira)
Extract : " The Mediterranean diet was recognized by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage, being characterized by a nutritional model that has remained constant over time and includes a large variety of vegetables. The consumption of green vegetables has, undoubtedly, a positive effect in health promotion, reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, cataract and macular degeneration, obesity and Type 2 diabetes, among others1. Inevitably, all these effects are related to the amounts of bioactive compounds of each type of vegetable, but such compounds are often heat sensitive and can be degraded during cooking processes..."
Article 3 : Derive maximum nutritional benefits from plant foods
Extract : " In India the prevalence of iron and vitamin A deficiencies is widespread. Almost 79% of children between 6 and 35 months and women between 15 and 49 years are anemic and 60 % of preschool children are suffering from sub-clinical deficiencies of vitamin A. In addition to their low dietary intakes, this could be also explained by the lowest bioavailability of minerals of plant-based foods as well as the culinary practices, which can reduce the vitamin and mineral contents.
All the nutrients we consume through our diets are not fully available to the body for absorption, depending on other components present in the meal. However, there are ways to overcome this problem by judiciously selecting food combinations and processing them wisely..."
Extract : " This scientific Newsletter explores some actions to promote «healthy eating» in the European context, especially in relation to children. Blake & Patterson show that UK paediatric nurses are aware of the role they could play in promoting a healthy diet. However, their own harmful behaviour can negatively influence their patients. Oostindjer et al. explain that, in Norway, a consensus exists on the importance of nutrition education at family level, but it is also the responsibility of the industry and public authorities to improve the offer of goods. Lloyd-Williams et al. believe that the majority of 30 European countries are engaged in activities intended to increase consumption of healthy food..."
Article 1 : Paediatric nurses and healthy eating promotion
(H. Blake & J. Patterson)
Extact : " Childhood obesity is rising at an alarming rate, and it is predicted that by 2050, 25% of children in the United Kingdom (UK) could be obese (DoH, 2011a), with lifelong consequences for health and psychosocial wellbeing. Nurses play an important role in obesity prevention and management although whether nurses should be role models for health and ‘practice what they preach’ is subject to debate. Although overweight, obesity, physical inactivity and poor dietary habits are prevalent amongst nurses, few studies have investigated the perceptions of nurses towards the promotion of healthy eating to their patients and whether they believe nurses should be role models for health..."
Article 2 : Opportunities for healthier eating in Norway
(M. Oostindjer, GV. Amdam, B. Egelandsdal)
Extract : " Government, health sector and food industry try to fight obesity with initiatives that help consumers to eat healthier, with tools such as information campaigns, nutritional labeling, making healthier food more available, improving nutritional composition of existing foods, and developing new healthy food products. However, many of these initiatives do not last or are not evaluated in the long-term. Consumers may not respond as expected: they might think a new food product has a less favourable taste when it is labelled as healthy. Other stakeholders like retailers or the food industry may not benefit from initiatives that are acceptable for consumers. It is necessary to develop initiatives that help people to eat healthier that work, but are also acceptable to most stakeholders. We investigated opportunities for such initiatives in Norway..."
Article 3 : Assessing public health nutrition policies across 30 European countries using the marketing “4Ps” approach
(F. Lloyd-Williams & colleagues)
Extract : " Countries across Europe have introduced a wide variety of policies to improve nutrition. However, the sheer diversity of interventions represents a potentially bewildering “policy cacophony”, a smorgasbord which is difficult to comprehend, categorise or evaluate. The aim of this study was to map existing public health nutrition policies, and examine their perceived effectiveness, in order to inform future evidence-based diet strategies..."
(FS. Gomes & CA. Monteiro)
Extract : " This Global F&V Newsletter features Brazil’s new dietary guideline role on promoting fruits and vegetables highlighting some key principles and perspectives adopted by the guideline to promote fruits and vegetables among other real foods. The Guideline was designed for the Brazilian population, but has achieved a global recognition as a reference of meals-based guidelines, moving recommendations from nutrients to foods and meals, and valuing the multiple dimensions of food and nutrition, beyond the biological one, encompassing the socio-cultural, economic, and environmental ones..."
Article 1 : How the new Brazilian dietary guidelines work with the promotion of fruits and vegetables
Extract : " In the absence of regulations to reduce the demand, offer, availability, affordability and desirability of superfluous edible products (e.g. sugary drinks, energy dense ready-to-eat products and other ultra-processed products), essential foods such as fruits and vegetables have been increasingly displaced by these products. While such products penetrate into diets and food systems, populations start to loose the notion of what is food, along with all fundamental aspects of the way we relate to food and its impacts over health, culture, natural resources and social relationships. Fruits and vegetables, besides being displaced, have their images misused in ultra-processed products to create misleading notions that they equal or replace fresh fruits and vegetables consumption..."
Article 2 : Food labeling in Brazil
(AP. Bortoletto Martins)
Extract : " Despite the federal law, the Brazilian food labeling regulation does not offer enough protection for consumers. There are specific regulations on the general food labeling, mandatory nutritional information, nutritional claims, among others, and more recently approved the mandatory information on allergenic foods. However, according to Brazilian studies, the labeling information is still not well understood by consumers, and it is very common to find it misleading or a lack of information on food labels..."
Article 3 : Progress and Challenges in the Regulation of Food Advertising in Brazil
(P. Henriques, PC. Dias & L. Burlandy)
Extract : " The Brazilian government has been implementing over the last two decades a set of policies, programs and actions intended to promote healthy eating and guarantee food security and nutrition. Some of these measures involve stimululating the production and consumption of fruits and vegetables free of pesticides and other contaminants, foods that have not been eaten in sufficient quantities by Brazilians generally. However, such initiatives typically clash with commercial private sector practices that aim to increase the supply and marketing of processed foods whose consumption, in turn, has been growing..."
Extract : “ Benefits from regular consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) in the prevention of many chronic diseases are now well documented. This new Global Fruit and Veg newsletter focuses on some lesser known health F&V benefits […]
First, Neville and Woodside investigated the relationship between F&V consumption and muscular power and strength in adolescents […]. Another original topic is addressed by Eslamian and colleagues at Teheran University: the impact of a F&V-rich diet on sperm quality, notably asthenospermia (reduced spermatozoid motility and vitality) […]. Finally, Steenbruggen et al. investigated the impact of nutrition on unexplained fatigue in children ".
Article 1 : Can eating fruit and vegetables improve muscle strength and power during adolescence?
(CE. Neville & JV. Woodside)
Extract : " Adolescence is a period of rapid growth and development, characterised by major changes in body size, including increased muscle development. Increasing fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption during childhood is widely encouraged as part of a healthy diet. Epidemiological evidence suggests that FV consumption and/or intakes of nutrients associated with a FV-rich diet may play a role in improving muscle strength and power. However, the evidence is still inconclusive and the majority of studies to date have been conducted in older adults […]. The study revealed that muscle power was significantly higher in boys and girls who consumed high intakes of FV (>237.71 g/d and >267.57 g/d respectively) versus low intakes (<135.09 g/d and <147.43 g/d, respectively), after adjusting for confounding factors including age, BMI (z score), pubertal status, energy intake, physical activity and socio-economic status. No such associations were evident between increased FV consumption and muscle strength in either boys or girls. Similar associations were observed when FV were analysed separately ".
Article 2 : Dietary patterns and asthenozoospermia risk
(G. Eslamiana & colleagues)
Extract : " Our results revealed that participants in the highest tertile of the prudent pattern scores had 54% lower risk of asthenozoospermia compared to those in the lowest (p for trend: 0.003); after adjustment for potential confounders. In contrast, the Western pattern was positively associated with the risk of asthenozoospermia (highest tertile; odds ratio [OR] D 2.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.83–2.97).
Our findings suggest that a diet composed mainly of plant-based foods may be associated with a reduced risk of asthenozoospermia whereas an adherence to a Western pattern is a potential indicator of increased risk. The current study indicates that efforts to improve diet quality should focus on the diet as a whole, not on single nutrients and foods ".
Article 3 : Could a change in diet revitalize children who suffer from unresolved fatigue?
(TG. Steenbruggen & EJ. van der Gaag)
Extract : " Our study showed that nutritional advice is an elegant, and effective method for decreasing some symptoms of medically unresolved fatigue in children. The observed positive effect on fatigue can be explained by an increased intake of minerals, vitamins and fatty acids. Four further factors can explain these results, including a beneficial effect of combining nutrients, effects of anti-oxidants, better sleep behavior due to the high concentration of melatonin in milk, and an improvement of the immune function ".
S. Barnat - Aprifel Scientific Director - France
Extract : “ As scientific coordinator of this newsletter, it gives me great pleasure to welcome you to the first issue of the Global Fruit & Veg Newsletter […].
In March 2015, IFAVA have agreed to join AIAM5 […]. To seal their union, both entities decided to take advantage of the existing Ifava scientific newsletter to launch a new one that will allow spreading the valuable message of eating vegetables and fruits more broadly by extending its distribution to the 24 countries represented in both entities.
At Egea conference 2015, held in Milan last June, Sue Lewis, Ifava co-chair, announced the creation of the Global Fruit & Veg Newsletter […]. The Egea 2015 closing statement advocates for establishing long term policy changes moving towards a positive discrimination for healthy food. This Statement shared with the audience at the conclusion session by Professors Elio Riboli and Martin Caraher has been sent to all the participants for consultation until June 27th. I invite readers to discover the updated and final version of the Egea 2015 Statement ".
EGEA 2015 Statement
Healthy Diet, Healthy Environment within a Fruitful Economy : The Role of Fruit & Vegetables -
June 3rd - 5th, 2015 - Milan - Italy
Extract : " Global nutrition and agricultural communities need to find innovative ways to create and support healthy eating environments and promote policies to increase fruit and vegetables (F&V) production and consumption. The aims are to improve public health, profitability of F&V growers and sustainability of the production systems. One way, among others, of achieving this is through taking biodiversity and nutrient-density of crops into account […]
To enhance F&V consumption efficiently, there is an urgent need for coherent policies that promote healthy eating in the areas outlined below:
A. Information and education […]
B. Food environment : Marketing and advertising ; Healthy foods in public institutions ; Healthier retail environment; Fiscal interventions and incentives ; Food system […] ".
EGEA 2015 Poster Awards
Extract : "4 Egea 2015 poster awards were delivered to laureates on June the 4th and the 5th :
N° 101 - June
Trends in food intake
(C. Piernas & S. Jebb)
Article 1 : Trends in food consumption over 30 years in British Focus on Fruit and Vegetables intake
Article 2 : Dietary energy density: Estimates, trends and dietary determinants
(LO'Connor & J. Walton)
Article 3 : Dietary quality among adults in 187 countries between 1990 and 2010
(F. Imamura & colleagues)
N° 100 - May
Food at home: a healthy way of eating
Home food environment: a key to effective nutritional choices
Article 1 : Home food environment and urban Hispanic children’s diet quality
(M. Santiago-Torres and colleagues)
Article 2 : TIME: A key ingredient in healthier eating
(A.Drewnowski and P. Monsivais)
Article 3 : Cooking at home is associated with better diet quality
(JA. Wolfson and SN. Bleich)
N° 99 - April
Dietary patterns and cognitive decline
Dealing with cognitive decline – a public health emergency in ageing populations
(C. Féart & C. Samieri)
Article 1 : Mediterranean diet and cognitive health
(M. Yannakoulia & N. Scarmeas)
Article 2 : Carotenoids-rich dietary patterns and cognitive function
(E. Kesse-Guyot & colleagues)
Article 3 : Education and WHO Recommendations for Fruit and Vegetable Intake Are Associated with Better Cognitive Function in a Disadvantaged Brazilian Elderly Population: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study
(M. Pastor-Valero, R. Furlan-Viebig, P. Rossi Menezes, S. Almeida da Silva, H. Valladad, M. Scazufcad)
N° 98 - March
Health promotion by new technologies: what works?
(H. de Vries)
Article 1 : Health Promotion & new technologies
Article 2 : Emails and web sites to communicate prevention messages in the workplace
Article 3 : A web-based, health promotion program for adolescent girls and their mothers who reside in public housing: focus on F&V consumption and physical activity
N° 97 - February
WIC: Latest advances
Article 1 : The 18-Month Impact of WIC Food Package Revisions on African-American and Hispanic Families
(A. Kong, M. Fitzgibbon & colleagues)
Article 2 : Incentivizing Fruit and Vegetable Purchases among Participants in the Women, Infants, and Children Program
Article 3 : WIC: strengthening America’s families for 40 years
(LR.Chock & colleagues)
N° 96 - January
Recent studies on cancer and diet
(JD. Potter & E. Kampman)
Article 1 : Extending Cancer Prevention by Improving Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
(DA. Freedman, N. Peña-Purcell, JR. Hebert)
Article 2 : Spanish Mediterranean diet and other dietary patterns and breast cancer risk: case-control EpiGEICAM study
(A Castelló, M Pollán and collaborators)
Article 3 : Social support, fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity in cancer survivors
N° 95 - December
Effective behavioral strategies for children food choices
Article 1 : Food choices and sleep duration in adolescents
(A. Kruger, L. Hale)
Article 2 : An effective school-based intervention for breakfast promotion and overweight risk reduction
Article 3 : Eating with our eyes: the first foods seen are more likely to be eaten
N° 94 - November
An updating on Antioxidants and F&V consumption
Article 1 : Total antioxidant capacity of blood plasma depends on fruits and vegetables intake
(J. Harasym, R. Oledzki)
Article 2 : Flavonoid-rich fruits and vegetables improve vascular function in men at risk of cardiovascular disease - FLAVURS: a randomized controlled trial
(AL. Macready, TW. George, MF. Chong, JA. Lovegrove)
Article 3 : Dietary intake of carotenoid may reduce risk of hip fracture in lean men
N° 93 - October
Food store environment in USA
Article 1 : Grocery Stores – Challenges and Opportunities in Promoting Healthful Foods
Article 2 : Campus evaluation of the food store environment Focus on quality and availability of fruit and vegetables
Article 3 : Campus food and beverage purchases and off-campus living
(JE. Pelletier, MN. Laska)
N° 92 - September
Advertising for fruit and vegetables is globally inexistent
Article 1 : The advertised diet: an examination of the extent and nature of food advertising on Australian television
(W. Watson, S. Pettigrew, K. Chapman, C. Hughes)
Article 2 : Unhealthy food and beverage marketing during sport
Article 3 : What foods are U.S. supermarkets promoting? An analysis of supermarket sales circulars
(J. Martin-Biggers, V. Quick and C. Byrd-Bredbenner)
N° 91 - July / August
Improving school meal: Efficient way to increase F&V consumption in children
Article 1 : Vegetable variety: An effective strategy to increase vegetable choice in children
(T. Bucher, M. Siegrist, K. van der Horst)
Article 2 : Improving school meals: Effi cient ways to increase fruit and vegetable consumption by children
(K. Hoy, B. Wansink)
Article 3 : State laws governing school meals and disparities in fruit/vegetable intake
(DR. Taber, JF. Chriqui, FJ. Chaloupka)
N° 90 - June
Vegetables and fruits - from latest science to policy in action
Article 1 : Vegetables, fruits and cancer: where are we now?
(G. Mitrou, F. Veira-McTiernan, M. Wiseman)
Article 2 : Why are fruit and vegetable initiatives in schools effective (and why are they sometimes not)?
N° 89 - May
F&V consumption and life expectancy in Europe
Increase availability, affordability and consumption of fruit and vegetables
Article 1 : A diet rich in fruits and vegetables reduces mortality - Study from EPIC
(M. Leenders, B. Bueno-de-Mesquita & colleagues)
Article 2 : Eating fruit and vegetables daily and living longer
Article 3 : Modelling the impact of specific food policy options on coronary heart disease and stroke deaths in Ireland
(Z. Kabir, C. O’Keeffe, M.O’Flaherty, J. Walton, S. Capewell, I.J Perry)
N° 88 - April
Update on Diet and Asthma
(R. Varraso & CA. Camargo Jr)
Article 1 : Do fast foods cause asthma? ISAAC Phase Three findings
(P. Ellwood & I. Asher)
Article 2 : Low vegetable intake is associated with allergic asthma and moderate-to-severe airway hyperresponsiveness
(J. Protudjer and collaborators)
Article 3 : Increasing fruit and vegetable intake reduces asthma exacerbation risk
N° 87 - March
WIC: Latest advances
Article 1 :Changes in the WIC Food Package: WIC Mothers Want The Option of Making Their Own Baby
Article 2 : Children Increase Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Following 2009 Changes to the WIC Food Package in New York State
(MA. Chiasson and collaborators)
Article 3 : Impact of Personal Preference and Motivation on Fruit and Vegetable Consumption of WIC Participating Mothers and Children in Atlanta
(DY. Chen, JA. Gazmararian)
N° 86 - February
Cooking skills: a tool for a healthy diet
Article 1 : The importance of cooking skills for balanced food choices Results from the Swiss Food Panel
Article 2 : Cooking skills programs for adults – why are they needed and are they effective?
Article 3 : Cooking crisis: What crisis?
N° 85 - January
Health food consumption and strategies for practitioners
Delivering effective nutritional messages without increasing workloads!
Article 1 : Do physician beliefs about causes of obesity translate into actionable items on which physicians counsel their patients?
(SN. Bleich et al)
Article 2 :Strategies for Healthcare Providers to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Children
(SA. Kim et al)
Article 3 :General practitioners can offer effective nutrition care to patients with lifestyle-related chronic disease
(Lauren Ball & collaborators)
N° 84 - December
How translate fruit & vegetables beneficial assets into efficient consumption practice?
Article 1 : What are the recommendations and where is the place of fruits and vegetables in a healthy diet?
Article 2 : New policy approaches to increase fresh fruit and vegetables consumption
N° 83 - November
Fruit & vegetables intake in older adults
Article 1 : Associations between fruit and vegetable intake, leisure-time physical activity, sitting time and self-rated health among older adults: cross-sectional data from the WELL study
(M. Södergren & SA. McNaughton)
Article 2 : Improving the immunity of older adults: Can eating fruit and vegetables help?
(CE. Neville & JV. Woodside)
Article 3 : Spending on vegetable and fruit consumption could reduce all-cause mortality among older adults
(MS. Lee, YT. Lo & ML. Wahlqvist)
N° 82 - October
Behavioral risk factors in adolescents
Article 1 : Insufficient F&V consumption and other behavioral risk factors: How are adolescents doing in Brazil?
(V. Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, W. de Campos, R. Bozza & A. da Silva Lopes)
Article 2 : Adolescents who spent more time in sedentary activities had a lower consumption of F&V. The HELENA study
(AM. Santaliestra-Pasías, T. Mouratidou & LA. Moreno)
Article 3 : Trends in Scottish adolescents' fruit and vegetable consumption and school effects
N° 81 - September
Parenting practices and their consequences on children
Article 1 : Parental influences on cardiovascular risk factors in Swedish children aged 5-14 years
(AR. Khanolkar, L. Byberg & I. Koupil)
Article 2 : Child consumption of fruit and vegetables: the roles of child cognitions and parental feeding practices
Article 3 : A consideration of food marketing to parents
(J. Manganello & KC. Smith)
N° 80 - July/August
How to increase fruit and vegetable intake in adults?
Article 1 : Strategies to Increase Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
(KA. Grimm, DS. Wright, SA. Kim & J. Foltza)
Article 2 : The Influence of State Agricultural Branding Programs on Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
(E. Howlett, S.Burton, C. Newman & M. Faupel)
Article 3 : Adults who are knowledgeable of the daily fruit and vegetable recommendation and are aware of the United States fruit and vegetable campaign eat more F&V
(TO. Erinosho, RP. Moser, AY. Oh, LC. Nebeling & AL. Yaroch)
N° 79 - June
How to encourage children to to adopt a healthier diet?
Article 1 : Playing advergames that promote fruit increases energy-dense snack intake among children
(F. Folkvord, D. Anschutz, M. Buijzen & P. Valkenburg)
Article 2 : Promoting fruits and vegetables using a theory-based, comic book approach
Article 3 : Attractive Vegetable Names Improves Their Consumption in Schools
N° 78 - May
Fruit and vegetables consumption and cigarette smoking
Article 1 : Fruit and vegetable consumption might influence cigarette smoking cessation
Article 2 : Fruit and vegetable consumption and smoking cessation
(L. Dauchet, T. Poisson)
Article 3 : Influence of smoking cessation duration on health-related behaviours in former Thai smokers: NHES IV study data
N° 77 - April
Food marketing to children
Edito : Regulations do change eating behavior
Article 1 : Energy-dense nutrient-poor food marketing to children through product packaging: a problem for health and parenting
Article 2 : Marketing of unhealthy food to children – position of the New Zealand Heart Foundation
Article 3 : Junk food advertising to children: Is self-regulation working?
N° 76 - March
Pregnancy and nutrition
Edito : A better diet during the pregnancy for a healthy baby
Article 1 : Nutrition awareness of dutch women before, during and after pregnancy
(EM. Szwajcer and GJ. Hiddink)
Article 2 : Psychological predictors of dietary intentions in pregnancy
Article 3 : Risky behaviours in pregnant women
N° 75 - February
Childhood obesity and consequences: no more time left!
Edito : Childhood obesity: Preventing today’s children from becoming tomorrow’s patients
Article 1 : Dealing with the childhood obesity epidemic: a public health approach
Article 2 : Management of blood pressure in children
Article 3 : Obesity and cardiovascular risk in children and adolescents
N° 74 - January
Fruit & vegetables and family meals
Edito : Fruit and Vegetables consumption – Social foodscapes makes a difference
Article 1 : Adolescents who eat regular meals eat more fruit and vegetables
(TP. Pedersen, C. Meilstrup, BE. Holstein & M. Rasmussen)
Article 2 : Serving larger portions of fruits and vegetables together at dinner promotes intake of both foods among young children
Article 3 : Involvement in home meal preparation is associated with food preference and self-efficacy among Canadian children
N° 73 - December
Article 1 : Nutrition Policies in Europe: a Structure Review of Existing Measures
Article 2 : Little Improvement on Food Marketing to Children
(L. Dorfman & M. Wootan)
Article 3 : U.S. Progress to Promote a Healthful Diet to American Children and Adolescents
(V. Kraak & M. Story)
N° 72 - November
Fruit & Vegetables and diabetes
Article 1 : Fruit and Vegetable Quantity and Variety Both Matter for the Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes
(AJ. Cooper, NG. Forouhi)
Article 2 : Pre-pregnancy Consumption of Fruits and Fruit Juices and Gestational Diabetes
Article 3 : Societal Correlates of Diabetes Prevalence: An Analysis Across 94 Countries
(KR. Siegel & KMV Narayan)
N° 71 - October
Special WIC program
Edito : USA’s WIC program improves access to healthy foods in communities across the nation
Article 1 : How do you pick your produce? Insights from WIC participants on their use of a cash value voucher to purchase fruits and vegetables
(JA. Reeder & J. Gilbert)
Article 2 : Positive Influence of the Revised WIC Food Packages on Access to Healthy Foods
Article 3 : The Impact of WIC Food Package Changes on Access to Healthful Food in 2 Low-Income Urban Neighborhoods
N° 70 - September
Latin-American F&V and Cuisine: Life Resource and Cultural Heritage
Article 1 : Brazilian food policies for fruits and vegetables: a nation-state strategy
(DS. Frozi, LBC. Alcântara, FS. Gomes & SG. Couto)
Article 2 : Eat tasty, eat healthy, eat Peruvian… and let’s start working on that
Article 3 : Fruit and Vegetable promotion in children of a Caracas Daycare by students enrolled in Community Service of the Faculty of Science of “Universidad Central de Venezuela”
(M. Chivico, J. Carrasquel, E. Delgado, C. Olaizola & MS. Tapia)
N° 69 - July/August
Recent News From EPIC
Article 1 : Food composition of the diet in relation to changes in abdominal obesity
Article 2 : Fruit and vegetable consumption and weight gain in European men and women
Article 3 : Fruit and vegetables consumption and breast cancer risk in Italy
N° 68 - June
Recent Knowledge on Antioxidants
Edito : Are food-based dietary approaches the future of disease prevention?
Article 1 : Antioxidant vitamin supplementation in Alzheimer’s disease: is it useful?
(J. Vina, A. Lloret, E. Giraldo and G. Olaso)
Article 2 : It’s been proven! Younger skin thanks to fruits and vegetables!
Article 3 : Is Antioxidant Vitamins Supplementation an Appropriate Population-wide Strategy for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease?
N° 67 - May
F&V at School: a Worldwide Concern
Edito : The importance of increase fruit and vegetable consumption in children (and their families)
Article 1 : Vegetable and Fruit Breaks in Australian Primary Schools
(N. Nathan & L. Wolfenden)
Article 2 : U.S. Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program: A Win for Children, Schools, Public Health and Agriculture
Article 3 : Fruit and vegetable improvements seen in New Zealand children in the Healthy Homework Pilot Study
Article 4 : Health Promoting Schools in New Zealand provides Fruit and Leadership
N° 66 - April
New fruit & vegetable literature reviews
Article 1 : Fruits, Vegetables, and Health: A Scientific Overview, 2011
Article 2 : Fruits, Vegetables, and Behavior Change: A Scientific Overview, 2011
Article 3 : The Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Challenge: How Federal Spending Falls Short of Addressing Public Health Needs
N° 65 - March
Trends in food intake
Article 1 : Age Specific Dietary Trends in France: A Comparison
Article 2 : Food Portion Patterns and Trends among U.S. Children and Adolescents and the Relationship to Total Eating Occasion Size, 1977-2006
(BM. Popkin & C. Piernas)
Article 3 : Evaluation of food consumption and dietary patterns in Spain by the Food Consumption Survey: updated information
N° 64 - February
Dietary behaviour and fruit & vegetable consumption
Article 1 : Nutrition knowledge, healthy eating and dietary behavior
Article 2 : Assessing behaviors associated with fruit and vegetable adequacy
Article 3 : Losing weight without increasing cognitive dietary restraint: is it possible with an intervention promoting high intakes of fruits and vegetables?
N° 63 - January
Measures to increase F&V consumption
Edito : Increasing consumption in schools
Article 1 : Lesson from the lost paradise: how to best induce into temptation
Article 2 : Can schools make a difference to children’s fruit and vegetable consumption?
Article 3 : Home gardening is associated with the dietary diversity of preschool children in the Philippines
(AB. Cabalda, P. Rayco-Solon, JAA. Solon, F. Solon)
N° 62 - December
Early exposure to fruit and vegetables
Article 1 : Infants and Young Children Are Not Eating Enough Vegetables
(MK. Fox, D. Deming, R Briefel, K. Reidy & E. Condon)
Article 2 : Long-term consequences of early fruit and vegetable feeding practices in the United Kingdom
(H. Coulthard, G. Harris & P. Emmett)
Article 3 : Repeated taste exposure increases liking for vegetables by low-income elementary school children
N° 61 - November
F&V consumption and bone health
Article 1 : Are fruits and vegetables beneficial for bone health in postmenopausal women?
(MS. Hamidi, AM. Cheung)
Article 2 : Associations between dietary flavonoids intakes and bone health
Article 3 : The Antioxidant Lycopene and Its Role in the Prevention of Risk for Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women
(E.S. Mackinnon and L.G. Rao)
N° 60 - October
Interventions at worplace
Edito : Health promotion at worksites can effectively increase intake of fruit and vegetables
Article 1 : Positive changes in dietary behaviour among employees in blue-collar worksites: The Food at Work Study
Article 2 : Impact of an intervention on the availability and consumption of fruits and vegetables in the workplace
(DH. Bandoni, F. Sarno, PC. Jaime)
Article 3 : Long term sustainability of a worksite canteen intervention of serving more F&V
N° 59 - September
The South Africa dilemma: malnutrition and obesity. What about vegetables and fruit?
Article 1 : Link between nutrition, disease and prosperity: Preventing non-communicable diseases by tackling malnutrition
(K. Kraemer & J. Badham)
Article 2 : Food Insecurity may explain the age difference in body size in Africa
Article 3 : Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits everyday
N° 58 - July/August
Children's health in Canada
Edito : Are Canadian children eating themselves to obesity?
Article 1 : Rose-coloured glasses: parental perception of children’s eating habits
(K. Adamo, L. Dojeiji & S. Papadakis)
Article 2 : Canadian pediatric hospitals part of the problem or solution?
(Z. Solh, K. Adamo & C. LeBlanc)
Article 3 : Should promotion of healthy eating and active living be distinct for girls and boys?
(A. Simen-Kapeu and PJ. Veugelers)
N° 57 - June
F&V intake and consumption of unhealthy snacks
Edito : Side effects of fruit and vegetable promotion
Article 1 : The effects of a fruit and vegetable program on unhealthy snacks during mid-morning school breaks - Results of the Dutch Schoolgruiten Project
(NI. Tak, SJ. te Velde, AS. Singh & J. Brug)
Article 2 : Free school fruit in Norway – decreased consumption of unhealthy snacks
Article 3 : Snack healthy or unhealthy, but snack: the snack barrier to increase fruits and vegetables consumption in Latin America.
N° 56 - May
F&V and type 2 diabetes
Edito : Fruits and vegetables: important to prevent type 2 diabetes?
Article 1 : Increasing Green leafy vegetable consumption can decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes
(P. Carter, LJ. Gray, J. Troughton, K. Khunti & MJ. Davies)
Article 2 : Fruits and vegetables and the risk of type 2 diabetes is there an association?
Article 3 : Associations between dietary fiber and inflammation, hepatic function and risk of type 2 diabetes in older men: potential mechanisms for benefits of fiber on diabetes risk
N° 55 - April
Women's diet in Australia
Edito : Women's diet in Australia
Article 1 : Neighbourhood food environments and diet
(L. Thornton, D. Crawford & K. Ball)
Article 2 : Why do some socioeconomically disadvantaged women eat better than others?
(L. Williams, K. Ball & D. Crawford)
Article 3 : What are the dietary patterns of young and mid-aged Australian women?
N° 54 - March
Edito : USA’s WIC Program Transforms Low-Income Families’ Nutrition
Article 1 : WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change Committee to Review the WIC Food Packages
Article 2 : Missouri State WIC Program Experiences of the New WIC Food Package Implementation - Fruits and Vegetables
Article 3 : The impact of nutrition education and cash-value vouchers on consumption of fruits and vegetables
(SE. Whaley, LD. Ritchie, N. Crocker)
N° 53 - February
Better information for better behaviour
Edito : The challenge of modifying food environment…
Article 1 : New York, old game !
Article 2 : Association of Health Information Sources with Health Behaviors
Article 3 : Individual diet modeling translates nutrient recommendations into realistic and individual-specific food choices
(M. Maillot & N. Darmon)
N° 52 - January
F&V and mental health
Article 1 : The role of nutrition in mental health
(T. Low Dog)
Article 2 : Dietary pattern and depressive symptoms in middle age: the Whitehall II study
Article 3 : The role of nutrition in mental health
N° 51 - December
Fighting obesity with fruit and vegetables
Article 1 : Economic implications of obesity among people with atherothrombotic disease
(Z. Ademi & CM Reid)
Article 2 : Obesity in pregnancy: outcomes and economics
(I. Rowlandsa, N. Gravesb, S. de Jerseyc, DH. McIntyred & L. Callawaye)
Article 3 : Recent economic findings on childhood obesity
(CM. Wenig, SB. Wolfenstetter & J. John)
N° 50 - November
Impact of the environment of F&V intake
Edito : Why do people eat enough fruits and vegetables? Motivation, abilities and environmental opportunities!
Article 1 : How important is the neighbourhood food environment in influencing fruit and vegetable intakes?
An Australian perspective
(L. Thornton, K. Ball, A. Timperio & D. Crawford)
Article 2 : Food advertising to children who wants tougher regulation?
Article 3 : Vegetable consumption: what makes the difference, education or geography?
N° 49 - October
F&V consumption - Socioeconomic determinants and health
Edito : The 6th Edition of the EGEA Conference was held in Brussels in May 5-7 2010
Article 1 : Dearth in abundance – Characteristics of the current European diets - ENHR II
(I. Elmadfa, AL. Meyer)
Article 2 : Evidence-based promotion of fruit and vegetable consumption: the importance of socio-economic determinants
Article 3 : Quantifying health effects of a low consumption of fruits and vegetables
(F.J.B. van Duijnhoven, F.L. Büchner, D.L. van der A, H.B. Bueno-de-Mesquita, J. Hoekstra, M.C. Ocké, J.M.A. van Raaij, C.T.M. van Rossum & H. Verhagen)
N° 48 - September - Special Issue
Marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children
Intro : Marketing of food to children
(C. Rowley & P. Dudley)
Edito : Reducing marketing pressure on children
Article 1 : WHO set of recommendations on the marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children - strengthened efforts to prevent noncommunicable diseases
Article 2 : WHO European Region recert developments in nutrition, physical activity and obesity
Article 3 : Marketing of food and its impact on child and adolescent health
(H. Madi, FB. Abdelaziz)
N° 48 - September
Dietary patterns in adolescents
Edito : Food and Adolescence
Article 1 : Dietary intake and weight control behaviors: findings from Project Eating Among Teens (EAT)
(N. Larson & D. Neumark-Sztainer)
Article 2 : Socio-economic and dietary associations of eating out of home in Vietnamese adolescents
(C. Lachat, BK. Le Nguyen, P. Kolsteren)
Article 3 : Obesogenic diet and physical activity: independent or associated behaviours in adolescents?
N° 47 - July/August
New ideas to increase F&V consumption
Article 1 : Promoting Consumption of Fruit: The Effects of Slicing Apples and Oranges in an Elementary School Cafeteria
(M. Swanson, A. Branscum)
Article 2 : Confidence to cook: considerations in promoting fruit and vegetable consumption
Article 3 : Preferences for Steaming of Vegetables
N° 46 - June
Increasing F&V consumption to reduce energy intake
Article 1 : The effect of fruit in different forms on energy intake and satiety
(JE. Obbagy, BJ. Rolls)
Article 2 : Using portion size to increase fruit and vegetable intake in children
Article 3 : Strategies to enhance weight loss should include high vegetable consumption
N° 45 - May
Eating for pregnancy
Article 1 : Pregnancy intention and Health Behaviors The Central Pennsylvania Women’s Health Study Cohort
(CH. Chuang & CS. Weisman)
Article 2 : Vegetable and fruit consumption and reduced risk of preeclampsia
Article 3 : The Maternal Mediterranean Diet during Pregnancy and Risk of Spina Bifida in the Offspring
(M. Vujkovic, RP. Steegers-Theunissen)
N° 44 - April
Fruit & Vegetables and cognitive function
(L. Letenneur, C. Féart & P. Barberger-Gateau)
Article 1 : Dietary patterns in infancy and cognitive function in childhood
Article 2 : Health Behaviours From Early to Late Midlife as Predictors of Cognitive Function - The Whitehall II Study
Article 3 : Dietary habits and cognitive decline in a cohort of elderly French women
(MN. Vercambre & F. Clavel-Chapelon)
N° 43 - March
Fruits and vegetable consumption determinants among adolescents
Edito : Adolescents in a complex world: what to eat and why?
Article 1 : Family circumstance and adolescent dietary behaviours
Article 2 : Socio-Economic position, macroeconomic environment and overweight among adolescents in 35 countries
Article 3 : Nutrition information covered in mass media predicts fruit and vegetable consumption among adolescents
N° 42 - February
Living healthy and feeling better
Edito : How far do we have to go back?
Article 1 : Healthy lifestyle and preventable death: findings from the Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study
Article 2 : Living longer and feeling better
Article 3 : Healthy Eating Index and abdominal obesity
(DL Tande, R Magel, BN Strand)
N° 41 - January
The gap between recommendations and real consumption (in Europe)
Article 1 : The gap between recommendations and real consumption in Italy
(C. Le Donne & C. Leclercq)
Article 2 : Dietary intake, physical activity and nutritional status in adults: the French nutrition and health survey (ENNS1, 2006-2007)
(K. Castetbon, M. Vernay, A. Malon, B. Salanave, V. Deschamps & S. Hercberg)
Article 3 : Food consumption in Belgium compared to the foodbased dietary guidelines
N° 40 - December
Fruit and vegetables' perception
Article 1 : North Carolinians’ perceptions of individual and community environmental influences on fruit and vegetable intake
(B. Schoster, KR. Martin, JEA. Boyington & LF. Callahan)
Article 2 : Time pressure a barrier to healthy eating and physical activity
Article 3 : Children’s and parent’s perceptions of the determinants of children’s fruit and vegetable intake in a low-intake population
(AG. Kritsjansdottir, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, KI. Klepp & I. Thorsdottir)
N° 39 - November
Health benefits of allium vegetables intakes
Article 1 : Allium Foods: Mystical Functional Foods for Health Promotion
Article 2 : Garlic supplements for patients with hypertension
Article 3 : Allium vegetables intake and risk of acute myocardialinfarction in Italy
Article 4 : Evidence-based review for garlic and cancer in the perspective of food labeling
(JY. Kim & O. Kwon)
N° 38 - October
Children nutritional needs: school meals or packed lunches?
Edito : The need to increase F&V availability at school
Article 1 : School meals in French secondary state schools
Article 2 : School meals vs. packed lunches in UK
Article 3 : Sack lunches and nutritional needs of young children who attend child care
N° 37 - September
Fruit and vegetables in the world
Article 1 : Factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake among adults of the city of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil
(ICR. Figueiredo, PC. Jaime, CA. Monteiro)
Article 2 : Changes in knowledge, beliefs and behaviors related to fruit and vegetable consumption among Western Australian adults, 1995 to 2004
Article 3 : Trends in fruit and vegetable consumption among U.S. men and women, 1994-2005
N° 36 - July/August
Close environment impact on F&V consumption
Edito : Why do so few people eat healthy diets?
Article 1 : Relationships between frequency of family meals and nutritional aspects of the home food environment among adolescents
Article 2 : What maternal factors influence the diet of two year old children living in deprived areas: a cross-sectional survey
Article 3 : Characteristics associated with older adolescents who have a television in their bedrooms
N° 35 - June
How to improve F&V consumption at school?
Article 1 : Restricting snacks in US elementary schools is associated with higher frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption
Article 2 : School fruit tuck shops, school food policies and children's fruit consumption: A cluster randomised trial
(L. Moore & K. Tapper)
Article 3 : The potential for school gardens to enhance health
N° 34 - May
How F&V could be beneficial for health
Article 1 : Cellular antioxidant activity of fruits
Article 2 : Fruit and vegetable intake, C-reactive protein and the metabolic syndrome
(A. Esmaillzadeh & L. Azadbakht)
Article 3 : Potassium is beneficial to human health
(FJ. He & GA. MacGregor)
N° 33 - April
From the 2008 WCRF policy report
Article 1 : The methodology behind the Policy and Action for Cancer Prevention Report
Article 2 : Evidence of the effectiveness of approaches to increase vegetable and fruit consumption
Article 3 : Cancer prevention: Policies and actions to increase vegetable and fruit consumption
N° 32 - March
Community based interventions
Edito : Improving healthy nutrition at the workplace: Why are we so behind in France?
Article 1 : Health promotion services for lifestyle development within a UK hospital Patients’ experiences and views
Article 2 : Successful strategies for sustaining increased F&V consumption in worksite canteens
(BE. Mikkelsen & AV. Thorsen)
Article 3 : Eat Better & Move More - A Community Program for Older Adults
N° 31 - February
University food choices
Article 1 : Multiple health risk behaviours in German first year university students
Article 2 : Does the nutritional profile of food offered a canteen determine what is consumed? A case study in Belgian university canteen
(CK. Lachat & PW. Kolsteren)
Article 3 : The importance of education and cost incentives on individual food choices at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSHP) cafeteria
(KB. Michels, BR. Bloom, P. Riccardi, BA. Rosner, & WC. Willett)
N° 30 - January
Carotenoids: Elderly healthy diet marker
Article 1 : Plasma Carotenoids and Onset of Dysglycemia: Results from the EVA study
(TN. Akbaraly, Annick Fontbonne, Alain Favier & Claudine Berr)
Article 2 : Low Total Plasma Carotenoids are Independent Predictors of Mortality Among Older Persons: the InCHIANTI Study
(F. Lauretani, S. Bandinelli & L. Ferrucci)
Article 3 : Low Plasma Carotenoids and Skeletal Muscle Strength Decline over Six Years
(L. Ferrucci, F. Lauretani & S. Bandinelli)
N° 29 - December
F&V consumption among migrants
Article 1 : Individual and Neighborhood Differences in Diet Among Low-Income Foreign and U.S.-Born Women
Article 2 : Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among Sub-Saharan African (SSA) migrants in Australia: Implication for public health
(AMN. Renzaho & A. Wilson)
Article 3 : Diet quality of North African migrants in France partly explains their lower prevalence of diet-related chronic conditions relative to their native French peers
(C. Méjean & B. Maire)
N° 28 - November
The Importance of F&V Consumption during Pregnancy
Article 1 : Does a Mediterranean-type diet consumed in pregnancy reduce the risk of premature delivery?
Article 2 : Mediterranean diet in pregnancy in relation to asthma and atopy in childhood
Article 3 : Evidence of infant blood pressure programming by maternal nutrition during pregnancy: a prospective randomized controlled intervention study
N° 27 - October
F&V and Energy Density
Article 1 : Diet quality, lifestyle and low energy density
Article 2 : Reductions in entrée energy density increase children's vegetable intake and reduce energy intake
(KE. Leahy, LL. Birch & BJ. Rolls)
Article 3 : Fruits reduces weight and energy intake of Brazilian women
(MC de Oliveira, R. Sichieri, RV. Mozzer)
N° 26 - September
Parental Role in Chlidren's Diet
Article 1 : Are positive changes in potential determinants associated with increased fruit and vegetable intakes among primary schoolchildren? Results of two intervention studies in the Netherlands: the Schoolgruiten Project and the Pro Children Study
(NI. Tak, SJ. te Velde & J. Brug)
Article 2 : The role of parental control practices in children’s BMI and diet
Article 3 : Parents Jury
(K. Chapman, J. Hodge)
N° 25 - July / August
F&V Consumption among Adolescents
Article 1 : Fruit and vegetable intake among college students
(T. Adams & A. Bahr)
Article 2 : A diet high in F&V and low fat dairy foods to lower blood pressure in adolescents
(K. Dart and SC. Couch)
Article 3 : Selected health behaviors that influence college freshman weight change
N° 24 - June
F&V Consumption in Low Income Population
Article 1 : Do adolescents from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds have unsupportive home food environments?
Article 2 : Is price a barrier to eating more fruits and vegetables for low-income families?
Article 3 : From Research to Policy: Economic Interventions Support Increases in Fruit and Vegetable Intake
N° 23 - May
Article 1 : Fresh fruit and vegetable availability in neighborhood food stores and its potential influence on consumption
(JN. Bodor & D. Rose)
Article 2 : Accessibility, a determinant of fruit and vegetable intake in low income Mexican children
(AB. Pérez-Lizaur, M Kaufer-Horwitz, M. Plazas)
Article 3 : Distance to food stores & adolescent male fruit and vegetable consumption: mediation effects
N° 22 - April
Article 1 : Childhood constipation and fruit and vegetable intake
Article 2 : Crohn’s disease and its association with dietary vegetable and fruit consumption
Article 3 : Consequences of childhood obesity
(D. Molnar & E. Kovacs)
N° 21 - March
Acid-Base Balance & Alkalizing Foods
Article 1 : Impact of dietary alkalinization on skeleton : bone sparing effects of cations and anions from fruits and vegetables
Article 2 : Impact of dietary alkalinisation on kidney's acid excretion
(S. Berkemeyer & T. Remer)
Article 3 : Fruits and vegetables as a marker for dietary alkali intake
N° 20 - February
F&V: Children's Preferences
Article 1 : Why do boys eat less F&V than girls?
Article 2 : Cognitive development and children's perceptions of fruit and vegetables
(GG. Zeinstra, MA. Koelen, FJ. Kok, C. de Graaf)
Article 3 : Decreasing dislike for sour and bitter in children and adults
N° 19 - January
Interventions at School to Increase F&V Intake
(J. de Sa & L. Lock)
Article 1 : Promoting Fruit and Vegetable Consumption through Increased Availability and Accessibility at School: A Strategy to Reduce Childhood Obesity
Article 2 : Getting children to eat fruits and vegetables – lessons from the English School Fruit and
Article 3 : Ethnic differences in one-year follow-up effect of the Dutch Schoolgruiten Project-promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among primary schoolchildren
(NI. Tak, SJ. te Velde & J. Brug)
N° 18 - December
From the 2007 WCRF Report
Article 1 : The methodology behind the Second Expert Report
Article 2 : Eat mosty foods of a plant origin
Article 3 : Maintenance of a heathy weight to protect against cancer and other chronic diseases
N° 17 - November
F&V Intake and Respiratory Health
Article 1 : Fruits, vegetables and the Mediterranean diet could reduce the risk of asthma and allergies in children
(L. Chatzi, G. Apostolaki, I. Bibakis, I. Skypala, V. Bibaki-Liakou, N. Tzanakis, M. Kogevinas, P. Cullinan)
Article 2 : Adolescent’s respiratory health may benefit from eating fruit and foods rich in n-3 fatty acids
(JS. Burns, DW. Dockery, J. Schwartz, BA. Coull, FE. Speizer)
Article 3 : Prudent diet may help lower risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(R. Varraso, TT. Fung, FB. Hu, W. Willett, CA. Camargo)
N° 16 - October
F&V Intake and Prevention of Neurodegenerative Disease
Article 1 : Nutritional status determinants and cognition in the elderly
(LM. Donini, C. Savina, MR. De Felice & C. Cannella)
Article 2 : Fruit and vegetable consumption and age-related cognitive decline
Article 3 : Mediterranean diet and risk of Alzheimer's disease
N° 15 - September
Vegetable Culinary Practices over the World
Article 1 : Cultural shifts in shopping habits, cooking skills and food preparation
(C. Pettinger, M. Holdsworth, M. Gerber)
Article 2 : Potential Health Effects of Pan Fried Vegetables in Virgin Olive Oil Following the Mediterranean Traditional Culinary Practice
(N. Kalogeropoulos, NK. Andrikopoulos)
Article 3 : Preserved and non-preserved vegetables: Differing associations with nasopharyngeal carcinoma
N° 14 - July / August
New Programs for F&V Promotion
Article 1 : Development of the Fruits & Veggies – More Matters™ brand: the next stage of increasing fruit and vegetable consumption
(E. Pivonka & K. Hoy)
Article 2 : The Norwegian MORE /MER Campaign
Article 3 : The new French campaign: “Half of our plate ”
N° 13 - June
(RI. de Santiago)
Article 1 : Healthy claims for fruit and vegetables – arrival of the EU Regulation on Nutrition and Health Claims
Article 2 : The European and French position on health claims, particularly concerning fruits and vegetables
Article 3 : Review of Evidence In Support of Health Claims
N° 12 - May
(L. Schäfer Elinder)
Article 1 : The public policy of generic food marketing for fruits and vegetables
Article 2 : The interplay of 5 A Day Campaigns with food-based dietary guideline promotion
Article 3 : Social Marketing Strategies to Enhance Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
(J. Scott & T. Beall)
N° 11 - April
Article 1 : The role of fruits and vegetables in diabetes
Article 2 : Carotenoids and the development of type 2 diabetes
Article 3 : BMI history and risk of type 2 diabetes
N° 10 - March
Article 1 : Cross-national comparison of environmental and policy correlates of obesity in Europe
(B. Rabin, T. Boehmer & R.Brownson)
Article 2 : Fruit and vegetable consumption and body weight management
Article 3 : Environmental factors and obesity related dietary behaviors in youth
(K. van der Horst)
N° 9 - February
Article 1 : The importance of energy density in weight management
Article 2 : Role for fruit content in low energy diets
(AB. Crujeiras, D. Parra, JA. Martínez)
Article 3 : Diet and physical activity
N° 8 - January
Article 1 : How to increase school children’ intake of fruits and vegetables - experiences from two Norwegian studies
Article 2 : Impact of vouchers for fresh fruits and vegetables purchase
Article 3 : Cost constraints on food choices
N° 7 - December
Article 1 : Fruit and vegetables: potential role in building better bones
(T. Steer & G. Goldberg)
Article 2 : Polyphenols from fruit and vegetables and bone health
Article 3 : Vitamins from leafy vegetables and bone health
N° 6 - November
Article 1 : Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among six to twelve-year-old children and effective school-based interventions to increase consumption
(L. Blanchette & J. Brug)
Article 2 : 5 A Day Initiative: school-based interventions for children and adolescents
Article 3 : Playing to change: games, comics, fruit and vegetables
N° 5 - October
Article 1 : Potassium and its role in reducing arterial blood pressure
Article 2 : Folates and/or antioxidants and their role in protecting against cardiovascular diseases
Article 3 : Fruit & vegetable intake and blood pressure
N° 4 - September
Article 1 : Childhood obesity: evidences of an early metabolic process leading to atherosclerosis
Article 2 : Health impact of fruit and vegetable consumption in children
(MI. Mesana, J. Fernández, LA. Moreno)
Article 3 : Early infancy as a key stage for obesity prevention
N° 3 - July / August
Article 1 : Dietary patterns and their social-demographic determinants in ten European countries
Article 2 : Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular health
(D. Giugliano & K. Esposito)
Article 3 : Intake of fruit & vegetable in a sample of 11-year ols children in nine European countries
N° 2 - June
Article 1 : Prenatal and postnatal influences on fruit and vegetable acceptance throughout childhood
Article 2 : Vegetables: choices at the age of 2-3 years and link with preferences until adulthood
Article 3 : Healthy eating in childhood: the importance of exposure
N° 1 - May
IFAVA - First Edition
Article 1 : Global dynamics of the nutrition transition
Article 2 : The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition (EPIC)
Article 3 : Can we change the way we eat ? What are the barriers ?