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Anticancer and antiinflammatory activities of cucurbitacins from cucurbita andreana

Author(s) : Jayaprakasam B., Nair MG., Seeram NP.
Date : Jan, 2003
Source(s) : Cancer Letters #189:1 p11-16
Adresse : MICHIGAN STATE UNIV,DEPT HORT; E LANSING MI 48824, USA. nairm@msu.edu

Bioassay-guided purification of an extract of Cucurbita andreana fruits yielded cucurbitacins B (1), D (2), E (3), and 1 (4). These cucurbitacins were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on the growth of human colon (HCT-116), breast (MCF-7), lung (NCI-H460), and central nervous system (CNS) (SF-268) cancer cell lines, cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzymes and on lipid peroxidation. Inhibitory activities of cucurbitacins B (1), D (2), E (3) and 1 (4), respectively, were for colon 81.5, 80.4, 7, and 65% at 0.4 muM, breast 87, 78, 66.5, and 12% at 0.4 muM, lung 96,43, 37 and 2% at 0.1 muM and CNS 92, 25, 24 and 4% at 0.05 muM. Adriamycin (doxorubicin) was used as a positive control, which showed 64,47,45 and 71% inhibition of HCT-116 (colon), MCF-7 (breast), NCI-H460 (lung) and SF-268 (CNS) cell lines, respectively, at 0.3 x 10(-5) M. Compounds 1, 2, 3, and 4 inhibited the COX-2 enzyme by 32, 29, 35, and 27%, respectively, at 100 mug/ml. However these compounds did not inhibit the COX-1 enzyme at this concentration. Ibuprofen, naproxen and vioxx, commercial antiinflammatory drugs, were tested as controls for the inhibition of COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes at concentrations of 2.1, 2.5 and 1.67 mug/ml, respectively. Ibuprofen and naproxen exhibited 59 and 95% COX-1, and 53 and 79% COX-2 inhibitory activities, respectively. Vioxx showed specific COX-2 inhibition by 71%. Also, cucurbitacins 1 and 4 inhibited lipid peroxidation by 59 and 23%, respectively, at 100 mug/ml.

Source : Pubmed

 

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