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Burden of cancer attributable to obesity, type 2 diabetes and associated risk factors.

Author(s) : López-Suárez A.
Date : Mar, 2019
Source(s) : Metabolism: Clinical And Experimental #92 p136-146
Adresse : Hospital Virgen del Camino, carretera de Chipiona km 0.64, 11540 Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz, Spain. Electronic address: a.lopez.ssl@gmail.com.

Overweight and obesity constitute a global pandemic with devastating consequences that affect >2 billion people. Obesity plays a central role in morbidity and mortality of diseases of multiple organs and systems, and it is a major contributor to the growing incidence of cancer. There is now sufficient level of evidence for the association between overweight and 11 types of cancer, among which are two of the most common cancers worldwide, those of the colorectum and postmenopausal breast. Sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, and excessive alcohol intake also account for the burden of cancer by promoting obesity. The risk of specific types of cancer is also directly influenced, regardless of the magnitude of adiposity, by physical inactivity, consumption of red meat, processed meat and ultra-processed foods, dairy products, alcohol, whole grain cereals, nuts, vegetables, and fruits. Type 2 diabetes is another global health threat closely associated with obesity that boosts the risk of cancer driven by high BMI. Education to promote positive choices and physical activity and resolute public health interventions on food delivery are requested to reduce the burden of obesity-related cancer and lighten the unsustainable growing expenses to health systems.

Source : Pubmed


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