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Fruit and vegetables in hypertensive women with asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease.

Author(s) : Mattioli AV., Francesca C., Mario M., Alberto F.
Date : Oct, 2018
Source(s) : Clinical Nutrition Espen #27 p110-112
Adresse : Department of Surgical, Medical and Dental Department of Morphological Sciences related to Transplant, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy. Electronic address: annavittoria.mattioli@unimore.it.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS
Fruit and vegetables are considered a very healthy diet useful in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. The present study aims to evaluate intake of fruit and vegetables in hypertensive women and its correlation with asymptomatic atherosclerosis.

METHODS AND RESULTS
A group of 237 women with hypertension was evaluated. Fruit and vegetables consumption were assessed by a self-administered food frequency validated questionnaire completed by an interviewer administered 24 h diet recall. They all underwent ABI. ABI measurement observed that fruit consumption was inversely associated with pre-clinical atherosclerosis suggesting a protective effect, moreover this association was stronger for vegetables. Increasing intake of vegetables was associated with a lower risk of asymptomatic PAD.

CONCLUSIONS
Women with a high intake of fruit and vegetables showed less instrumental sign of preclinical peripheral atherosclerosis. Can be suggests that fruit and vegetables play an important role in prevention of atherosclerosis in pre-menopausal women.

Source : Pubmed

 

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