A healthy diet in women is associated with less facial wrinkles in a large Dutch population-based cohort.
Sommaire de l'article
Little is known about the effects of different dietary patterns on facial wrinkling.
We aimed to investigate the association between diet and facial wrinkles in a population-based cohort of 2,753 elderly participants of the Rotterdam Study.
Wrinkles were digitally quantified as the area in facial photographs they occupied as a percentage of the total skin area. Diet was assessed using the Food Frequency Questionnaire. Adherence to the Dutch Healthy Diet Index (DHDI) was calculated. In addition, we used Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to extract relevant food patterns in men and women separately. All food patterns and the DHDI were analyzed for association with wrinkle severity using multivariable linear regression.
Better adherence to the Dutch guidelines was significantly associated with less wrinkles among women but not in men. In women, a red meat and snack dominant PCA pattern was associated with more facial wrinkles whereas a fruit dominant PCA pattern associated with fewer wrinkles.
Due to the cross-sectional design of our study, no causation can be proved. Health-conscious behavior could have influenced our results.
Dietary habits associate with facial wrinkling in women. Global disease prevention strategies might benefit from emphasizing that a healthy diet is also linked to less facial wrinkling.