A systematic review of methods to assess intake of fruits and vegetables among healthy European adults and children: a DEDIPAC (DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity) study.

Auteur(s) :
Harrington JM., Perry IJ., Schulze MB., Geelen A., Eussen SJ., Andersen LF., Riordan F., Ryan K., Van't Veer P., Dagnelie PC., Wijckmans-Duysens NE.
Date :
Sep, 2016
Source(s) :
Public health nutrition. #: p1-32
Adresse :
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College Cork, Western Road,Cork, Republic of Ireland. fiona.riordan@ucc.ie

Sommaire de l'article

OBJECTIVE
Evidence suggests that health benefits are associated with consuming recommended amounts of fruits and vegetables (F&V), yet standardised assessment methods to measure F&V intake are lacking. The current review aims to identify methods to assess F&V intake among children and adults in pan-European studies and inform the development of the DEDIPAC (DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity) toolbox of methods suitable for use in future European studies.

DESIGN
A literature search was conducted using three electronic databases and by hand-searching reference lists. English-language studies of any design which assessed F&V intake were included in the review.

SETTING
Studies involving two or more European countries were included in the review.

SUBJECTS
Healthy, free-living children or adults.

RESULTS
The review identified fifty-one pan-European studies which assessed F&V intake. The FFQ was the most commonly used (n 42), followed by 24 h recall (n 11) and diet records/diet history (n 7). Differences existed between the identified methods; for example, the number of F&V items on the FFQ and whether potatoes/legumes were classified as vegetables. In total, eight validated instruments were identified which assessed F&V intake among adults, adolescents or children.

CONCLUSIONS
The current review indicates that an agreed classification of F&V is needed in order to standardise intake data more effectively between European countries. Validated methods used in pan-European populations encompassing a range of European regions were identified. These methods should be considered for use by future studies focused on evaluating intake of F&V.

Source : Pubmed
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