Association of Adherence to a Healthy Diet with Cognitive Decline in European and American Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis within the CHANCES Consortium.

Auteur(s) :
Trichopoulou A., Grodstein F., Pikhart H., Nilsson LM., Brenner H., Ikram MA., Kiefte-de Jong JC., Franco OH., Kyrozis A., van de Rest O., Boffetta P., de Groot LC., Jankovic N., Kampman E., Feskens EJ., Kang JH., Berendsen AA., Rafnsson SB., Gustafson D.
Date :
Déc, 2016
Source(s) :
Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. #43:3-4 p215-227
Adresse :
Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Sommaire de l'article

To examine the association between a healthy diet, assessed by the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), and cognitive decline in older adults.

Data from 21,837 participants aged ≥55 years from 3 cohorts (Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly, a Concerted Action [SENECA], Rotterdam Study [RS], Nurses' Health Study [NHS]) were analyzed. HDI scores were based on intakes of saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, mono- and disaccharides, protein, cholesterol, fruits and vegetables, and fiber. The Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status in NHS and Mini-Mental State Examination in RS and SENECA were used to assess cognitive function from multiple repeated measures. Using multivariable-adjusted, mixed linear regression, mean differences in annual rates of cognitive decline by HDI quintiles were estimated.

Multivariable-adjusted differences in rates in the highest versus the lowest HDI quintile were 0.01 (95% CI -0.01, 0.02) in NHS, 0.00 (95% CI -0.02, 0.01) in RS, and 0.00 (95% CI -0.05, 0.05) in SENECA with a pooled estimate of 0.00 (95% CI -0.01, 0.01), I2 = 0%.

A higher HDI score was not related to reduced rates of cognitive decline in European and American older adults.

Source : Pubmed