Associations between fruit and vegetable consumption and psychological distress: results from a population-based study.

Auteur(s) :
Rohrmann S., Richard A., Vandeleur CL., Mohler-Kuo M., Eichholzer M.
Date :
Oct, 2015
Source(s) :
BMC psychiatry. #15:1 p213
Adresse :
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI), University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, CH-8001, Zurich, Switzerland. aline.richard@uzh.ch

Sommaire de l'article

BACKGROUND:

Several studies observed associations of various aspects of diet with mental health, but little is known about the relationship between following the 5-a-day recommendation for fruit and vegetables consumption and mental health. Thus, we examined the associations of the Swiss daily recommended fruit and vegetable intake with psychological distress.

METHODS:

Data from 20,220 individuals aged 15+ years from the 2012 Swiss Health Survey were analyzed. The recommended portions of fruit and vegetables per day were defined as 5-a-day (at least 2 portions of fruit and 3 of vegetables). The outcome was perceived psychological distress over the previous 4 weeks (measured by the 5-item mental health index [MHI-5]). High distress (MHI-5 score ≤ 52), moderate distress (MHI-5 > 52 and ≤ 72) and low distress (MHI-5 > 72 and ≤ 100) were differentiated and multinomial logistic regression analyses adjusted for known confounding factors were performed.

RESULTS:

The 5-a-day recommendation was met by 11.6 % of the participants with low distress, 9.3 % of those with moderate distress, and 6.2 % of those with high distress. Consumers fulfilling the 5-a-day recommendation had lower odds of being highly or moderately distressed than individuals consuming less fruit and vegetables (moderate vs. low distress: OR = 0.82, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.69-0.97; high vs. low distress: OR = 0.55, 95 % CI 0.41-0.75).

CONCLUSIONS:

Daily intake of 5 servings of fruit and vegetable was associated with lower psychological distress. Longitudinal studies are needed to further determine the causal nature of this relationship.

Source : Pubmed
Retour