Attainment of ‘5-2-1-0’ obesity recommendations in preschool-aged children.
Sommaire de l'article
Obesity prevention guidelines recommend children eat ≥ 5 servings of fruits and vegetables, view ≤ 2 h of screen time, participate in 1 h of physical activity, and consume 0 sugar-sweetened beverages daily, commonly known as '5-2-1-0'. We sought to determine: the extent to which preschool-aged children attending child care meet these guidelines, predictors of attainment, and associations of attainment with weight status. We analyzed in 2016, 24-hour dietary, physical activity, and screen time data collected in 2009-10 from 398 preschool-aged children in 30 child-care centers in Cincinnati, OH. Dietary intake, screen time and body-mass index (BMI) were obtained by research staff during child care and from parents when at home. Accelerometers measured physical activity. Mixed-effects models and generalized estimating equations were used to determine associations between '5-2-1-0' recommendations, demographic variables, and BMI z-scores. Average child age was 4.3 ± 0.7 years; 26% had a BMI ≥ 85th percentile. Seventeen percent of children with complete dietary data (n = 307) consumed ≥ 5 servings of fruits and vegetables and 50% consumed 0 sugar-sweetened beverages. < 1% with complete physical activity data (n = 386) met the activity recommendation; 81% of children (n = 379) had ≤ 2 h of screen time. Only 1 child met all of the '5-2-1-0' recommendations. There were no consistent demographic predictors of attaining individual recommendations. An additional hour of screen time was associated with a 0.11 (SD 0.06) increase in BMI z-score. Our data suggests there is ample room to increase fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity in preschool-aged children.