Barriers to physical activity and healthy diet among breast cancer survivors: A multilevel perspective.

Auteur(s) :
Achôa DC., Park CL.
Date :
Sep, 2017
Source(s) :
European journal of cancer care. # p
Adresse :
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA.

Sommaire de l'article

Cancer survivors engage in suboptimal levels of health behaviours and report many barriers to health behaviours, but we lack a solid understanding of the different levels of barriers and how they relate to enacted health behaviours. To address these issues, we conducted mixed-method research in 97 breast cancer survivors. Participants' barriers to physical activity (PA) and healthy diet, asked as an open-ended question, were coded as individual-level, social-level, and organisational/environmental-level for each health behaviour. Moderate-to-vigorous PA and fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake were assessed. Most participants perceived at least one PA (72.7%) and diet (64.9%) individual-level barrier (e.g. physical symptoms/injury); only 15.2% (PA) and 15.6% (diet) reported at least one social-level barrier (e.g. family obligations). About 28.8% (PA) and 29.9% (diet) perceived at least one organisational/environmental-level barrier (e.g. job demand, cost of F&V). Survivors perceiving individual-level dietary barriers consumed less F&V (-.65 servings/day) than those not perceiving dietary barriers at this level. Survivors perceiving social-level dietary barriers reported marginally lower F&V intake (-.65 servings/day) than their counterparts. Those perceiving organisational/environmental-level PA barriers reported marginally fewer minutes (-44.30/week) of moderate-to-vigorous PA than their counterparts. Barriers at multiple levels should be addressed to improve health behaviours among breast cancer survivors.

Source : Pubmed