Bioactive properties of snake fruit (salacca edulis reinw) and mangosteen (garcinia mangostana) and their influence on plasma lipid profile and antioxidant activity in rats fed cholesterol

Auteur(s) :
Gorinstein S., Trakhtenberg S., Jung ST., Leontowicz H., Leontowicz M., Park YS., Haruenkit R., Drzewiecki J., Poovarodom S., Kang SG.
Date :
Sep, 2006
Source(s) :
EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY. #223:5 p697-703
Adresse :
Addresses: Gorinstein S (reprint author), Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Sch Pharm, Dept Med Chem & Nat Prod, IL-91120 Jerusalem Israel Agr Univ Warsaw, Fac Vet Med, Dept Physiol Sci, PL-02787 Warsaw Poland Plant Breeding & Acclimatizat Inst, Radzikow, Poland King Mondkut Inst Technol, Fac Agr Technol, Bangkok, Thailand King Mondkut Inst Technol, Dept Soil Sci, Bangkok, Thailand Mokpo Natl Univ, Dept Hort Sci, Muan Jeonnam 534729 South Korea Mokpo Natl Univ, Dept Food Engn, Muan Jeonnam 534729 South Korea Mokpo Natl Univ, Food Ind Technol Res Ctr, Muan Jeonnam 534729 South Korea Kaplan Univ, Med Ctr, Rehovot, Israel E-mail Addresses: gorin@cc.huji.ac.il Publisher: SPRINGER, 233 SPRING STREET, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA, http://www.springeronline.com

Sommaire de l'article

Two exotic fruits (Snake fruit and Mangosteen) were characterized by polyphenols, proteins and antioxidant potentials and by their influence on plasma lipids and antioxidant activity in rats fed cholesterol. The content of polyphenols (14.9 +/- 1.5 and 9.2 +/- 0.8 mg GAE g(-1) supercript stop) and antioxidant potential (46.7 +/- 4.7 and 72.9 +/- 7.4 mu mol TE g(-1) supercript stop) in Snake fruit was significantly higher than in Mangosteen (P < 0.05). Twenty male Wistar rats were divided into four dietary groups: Control, Chol, Chol/Snake and Chol/Mangosteen. After 4 weeks of the experiment diets supplemented with Snake fruit and to a lesser degree with Mangosteen significantly hindered the rise in plasma lipids and hindered a decrease of antioxidant activity. Changes were found in fibrinogen fraction, such as solubility and mobility by the number of protein bands detected in SDS-electrophoresis: Chol/Snake differed from Chol/Mangosteen. In conclusion, Snake fruit and Mangosteen contain high quantity of bioactive compounds, therefore positively affect plasma lipid profile and antioxidant activity in rats fed cholesterol-containing diets. Such positive influence is higher in rats fed diet with added Snake fruit.
Author Keywords: Snake fruit; Mangosteen; total polyphenols; plasma lipids; antioxidant activity; rats
KeyWords Plus: IN-VITRO; VEGETABLES; CAPACITY; POLYPHENOLS; FRACTIONS; PERSIMMON; PHENOLICS; PRODUCTS; DISEASE; RABBITS

Source : Pubmed
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