Blood levels of natural antioxidants in gastric and colorectal precancerous lesions and cancers in slovakia
Sommaire de l'article
A long-term sufficient intake of fruits and vegetables reduces significantly the risk of gastric and colorectal carcinoma. It is anticipated that natural antioxidants are involved in this effect in addition to other substances. The aim of this study was to determine levels of vitamins A, C and E, as well as beta-carotene, selenium, zinc and copper in blood of 249 patients with precancerous lesions (atrophic gastritis, gastric hyperplastic polyp, gastric, colonic and rectal adenoma, chronic ulcerative colitis) and in 96 individuals with gastric, colonic or rectal carcinoma and to compare these levels with the values of a control group of 130 healthy individuals. We have found that the frequency of average values of analyzed micronutrients in precancerous groups was decreasing in the order vit C > vit E/vit A > Se > beta-car. The average levels of vitamins and beta-carotene were significantly reduced in all carcinoma groups, while selenium level showed a decrease only in the gastric carcinoma group. Copper level was elevated in the ulcerative colitis group and in all groups with carcinoma. The results indicate a frequent insufficient saturation of organism by natural antioxidants in groups with precancerous lesions and carcinomas of stomach and colorectum. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the general consumption of fruits and vegetables in Slovakia as a part of primary prevention of malignant diseases in these organs. Chemoprevention may be recommended in individuals with precancerous lesions.