Changes in food habits in families with a newly diagnosed child with type 1 diabetes mellitus
Sommaire de l'article
Dietary recommendations for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) are in line with the recommendations for the general population and applicable to the whole family, We review what is known about the food habits of nondiabetic family members and present original data on dietary changes in families with a child with DM, Some studies suggest that family members eat mostly the same food as the affected child. In a Finnish study of siblings of children with DM, favourable changes were observed after diagnosis in the type of milk and fat used. In a study of young children with DM, family members increased their consumption of skim milk, low-fat cheese and low-fat cold meat cuts. The consumption frequencies of fruit and vegetables increased, In conclusion, family members of a child with DM are willing to change their food habits towards the recommended diet. Dietary advice should be directed to the whole family from the very beginning.