Chromatographic determination of carotenoids in foods
Sommaire de l'article
In recent years, there has been particular emphasis on obtaining more accurate data on the types and concentrations of carotenoids in foods for various health and nutrition activities. The analysis of carotenoids is complicated because of the diversity and the presence of cis-trans isomeric forms of this group of compounds. In addition, a wide variety of food products of vegetal and animal origin, vegetables and animal samples contain carotenoids, and a great range of carotenoids can be found in these samples. The characteristic conjugated double bond system of carotenoids produces the main problem associated with work and manipulation on carotenoids, that is their particular instability, especially towards light, heat, oxygen and acids. For this reason, several precautions are necessary when handling carotenoids. Another problem associated with analysis of carotenoids is the difficulty in obtaining standard compounds. High-performance liquid chromatographic methods for the determination of carotenoids in foods are reviewed. The sample extraction and treatment, carotenoid purification and standard manipulation are briefly commented on. We present a critical assessment of chromatographic methods developed for the determination of carotenoids in foods. Finally, some methods for carotenoid ester separation are reviewed.