Comparison and evaluation of dietary quality between older and younger Mexican-American women.

Auteur(s) :
Belyea M., Pignotti GA., Vega-López S., Keller C., Ainsworth BE., Nagle Williams A., Records K., Coonrod D., Permana P.
Date :
Jan, 2015
Source(s) :
Public health nutrition. # p
Adresse :
1Healthy Lifestyles Research Center,School of Nutrition and Health Promotion,Arizona State University,500 North 3rd Street,Phoenix,AZ 85004,USA.

Sommaire de l'article


To compare and evaluate the dietary quality of young and older sedentary Mexican-American women. Understanding key dietary concerns, while considering developmental transition periods and cultural relevance, can provide insight for developing appropriate nutrition interventions.


Cross-sectional dietary data were collected using unannounced 24 h diet recalls to assess nutrient intake adequacy (Estimated Average Requirement cut-point method) and dietary quality (Healthy Eating Index (HEI) 2010).


Mujeres en Acción and Madres para la Salud, two community-based physical activity interventions.


Participants were 139 young (28 (sd 6) years) and 124 older (55 (sd 7) years) overweight/obese sedentary Mexican-American women (BMI=25·0-35·0 kg/m2) of low socio-economic status.


Older women consumed less Ca, Fe, folate, empty calories and energy from carbohydrate, but more fruit, vegetables, greens and beans, and fibre than younger women (all P<0·05). Over 60 % of all participants had an intake below recommendations for fibre, Ca, vitamin E, vitamin C and folate. Both groups had low total HEI-2010 scores (62 for older and 63 for younger women; NS), with 57 % of older and 48 % of younger women classified as having a poor diet.


Despite differences in nutrient requirements according to developmental transition periods (childbearing v. perimenopausal), overall, older and younger Mexican-American women generally had low-quality diets and may benefit from dietary quality improvement.

Source : Pubmed