Comparison of carotenoid content in fresh, frozen and canned corn
Sommaire de l'article
The carotenoid content of fresh, commercially canned and frozen samples of two cultivars, White Shoepeg (WS) and Golden Whole Kernel (GWK) corn (Zea mays), from the same production field was studied. WS and GWK corn samples were harvested daily over a five-day-period and randomly selected for analysis as fresh, frozen or canned. Major carotenoids detected were lutein and zeaxanthin, and to a lesser extent, alpha-, beta-cryptoxanthin, alpha-, and beta-carotene. Fresh GWK corn contained higher amounts of lutein, zeaxanthin and total carotenoids (330, 209 and 702 mu g/100 g fresh weight) versus fresh WS corn (5.5, 28.5, and 3 5.5 mu g/100 g fresh weight). In both canned WS and GWK corn, levels of lutein, zeaxanthin, and total carotenoids were similar to their respective fresh counterparts. Detectable levels of zeaxanthin in WS corn increased 67.4% (P = 0.042) and total carotenoids in both WS and GWK corn were increased after freezing by 63.3% (P = 0.002) and 5.3% (P = 0.003), respectively. This work indicates that canning does not decrease carotenoid content in corn and that freezing may increase carotenoid content in WS corn which can further influence bioavailability and health benefits.