[Cross-sectional study of factors influencing adherence to the mediterranean diet in pregnancy].
Sommaire de l'article
Mediterranean diet is a lifestyle with contrasted beneficial effects on pregnancy, for both the mother and her offspring. However, factors influencing adherence to this diet are unknown.
To investigate the factors (educational level, occupation, place of birth, number of previous children and age) that influence adherence to the Mediterranean diet in pregnant women in the region of Pamplona.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Using the data from the Estudio Internacional de Sibilancias en Lactantes (EISL) in the region of Pamplona, associations between food and factors were analysed. A score of Mediterranean diet was established and the scores according to the factors were studied.
Significant differences in the Mediterranean diet score by level of education (p=<0,001), occupation (p=0,015) and age (p=<0,001) were found.
Women with better education, better occupation and older show a greater affinity to the Mediterranean diet during pregnancy.