Daily consumption of phenolics and total antioxidant capacity from fruit and vegetables in the american diet
Sommaire de l'article
The daily intake of total phenolics, total flavonoids and antioxidants in the American diet was estimated from the most common 34 fresh fruit and vegetables and their daily consumption data. Among 14 fruit and 20 vegetables, orange contributed the highest amount of total phenolics [117.1 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE) person(-1)day(-1)] and antioxidants [146.6mg vitamin C equivalents (VCE) person(-1) day(-1)]. Orange contributed about 26 and 25% of total phenolics and antioxidant, respectively, in the daily consumption of fruit and vegetables. Apples showed relatively high levels of total phenolics and antioxidant capacity comparable to those of oranges and their phenolics and antioxidants contribution is the second highest. Even though potatoes had lower levels of phenolics and antioxidant capacity, they were third due to the fact that their consumption is the highest (137.9 lb person(-1) year(-1)) in the American diet. Although plums and strawberries were ranked as the group with the highest total phenolics and antioxidant capacity among 34 tested fruit and vegetables, their contributions were relatively low due to their lower daily consumption. Generally, the levels of total phenolics, total flavonoids and antioxidant capacity of fruits were higher than those of vegetables. American daily intake of phenolics, flavonoids and antioxidants from fruits and vegetables was estimated to be 450 mg GAE, 103 mg catechin equivalents and 591 mg VCE, respectively. Although we do not yet know the required minimum daily amounts of antioxidants, when we estimate the daily requirement of antioxidants, we must consider not only the antioxidant concentrations of the particular food, but also the daily intakes of the food. (c) 2005 Society of Chemical Industry.
Author Keywords: fruits; vegetables; phenolics; flavonoids; vitamin C equivalent antioxidant capacity (VCEAC); daily food consumption
KeyWords Plus: CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE; EPIDEMIOLOGIC EVIDENCE; CAPSICUM-ANNUUM; FLAVONOIDS; CANCER; RISK; PHYTOCHEMICALS; CULTIVARS; QUANTITY; PLUMS