Dietary habits in the german EPIC cohorts: food group intake estimated with the food frequency questionnaire
Sommaire de l'article
In the baseline assessment of the two EPIC-Germany cohorts Heidelberg and Potsdam, dietary information was obtained with an identical food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The optically readable FFQ was designed to assess the usual food and nutrient intake of individuals during the past 12 months. The present analysis was based on dietary data from 25,212 participants in Heidelberg (11,776 men, 13,436 women) and 26,270 participants in Potsdam (10,249 men, 16,021 women). This paper presents the first results of a descriptive dietary analysis on a food group level based on 16 food groups and selected subgroups. Each of these food groups and subgroups was divided into quintiles, and the age-adjusted mean intake for each quintile was calculated. The comparison of dietary habits between the two cohorts, as well as the comparison between men and women within each cohort showed clear differences both in the quintiles of most food groups as well as in the range between the lowest and highest quintile. Except for the food groups non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages, sugar and confectionery, sauces, and soups, men and women participating in Potsdam reported higher intakes of all the other food groups. The amount of food intake was generally lower in women than in men, with the exception of vegetables, fruit, dairy products, and non-alcoholic beverages.