Dietary iron intake and iron status of german female vegans: results of the german vegan study.

Auteur(s) :
Leitzmann C., Hahn LA., Waldmann A., Koschizke JW.
Date :
Fév, 2004
Source(s) :
Annals of nutrition & metabolism. #48:2 p103-8
Adresse :
Institute of Food Science, University of Hannover, Hannover, Germany.

Sommaire de l'article

BACKGROUND: As shown in previous studies vegetarians and especially vegans are at risk for iron deficiency. Our study evaluated the iron status of German female vegans. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the dietary intakes of 75 vegan women were assessed by two 9-day food frequency questionnaires. The iron status was analyzed on the basis of blood parameters. RESULTS: Mean daily iron intake was higher than recommended by the German Nutrition Society. Still 42% of the female vegans < 50 years (young women, YW) had a daily iron intake of or = 50 years (old women, OW). In all, 40% (tri-index model (TIM) 20%) of the YW and 12% (TIM 12%) of the OW were considered iron-deficient based on either serum ferritin levels of < 12 ng/ml or a TIM. Only 3 women had blood parameters which are defined as iron deficiency anemia. Correlations between serum ferritin levels and dietary factors were not found. CONCLUSION: Although the mean iron intake was above the recommended level, 40% (TIM 20%) of the YW were considered iron-deficient. It is suggested that especially YM on a vegan diet should have their iron status monitored and should consider taking iron supplements in case of a marginal status. Copyright 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

Source : Pubmed