Early childhood caries and intake of 100 percent fruit juice: Data from NHANES, 1999-2004.

Auteur(s) :
Vargas CM., Dye BA., Kolasny CR., Buckman DW., McNeel TS., Tinanoff N., Marshall TA., Levy SM.
Date :
Déc, 2014
Source(s) :
J AM DENT ASSOC. #145:12 p1254-61
Adresse :
Dr. Vargas is an associate professor, School of Dentistry, University of Maryland, 650 W. Baltimore St., Room 2217, Baltimore, Md. 21201, email cvargas@umaryland.edu

Sommaire de l'article

BACKGROUND
The results of several studies conducted in the United States show no association between intake of 100 percent fruit juice and early childhood caries (ECC). The authors examined this association according to poverty and race/ethnicity among U.S. preschool children.

METHODS
The authors analyzed data from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2,290 children aged 2 through 5 years. They used logistic models for caries (yes or no) to assess the association between caries and intake of 100 percent fruit juice, defined as consumption (yes or no), ounces (categories) consumed in the previous 24 hours or usual intake (by means of a statistical method from the National Cancer Institute).

RESULTS
The association between caries and consumption of 100 percent fruit juice (yes or no) was not statistically significant in an unadjusted logistic model (odds ratio [OR], 0.76; 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.57-1.01), and it remained nonsignificant after covariate adjustment (OR, 0.89; 95 percent CI, 0.63-1.24). Similarly, models in which we evaluated categorical consumption of 100 percent juice (that is, 0 oz; > 0 and ? 6 oz; and > 6 oz), unadjusted and adjusted by covariates, did not indicate an association with ECC.

CONCLUSIONS
Our study findings are consistent with those of other studies that show consumption of 100 percent fruit juice is not associated with ECC.

PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS
Dental practitioners should educate their patients and communities about the low risk of developing caries associated with consumption of 100 percent fruit juice. Limiting consumption of 100 percent fruit juice to 4 to 6 oz per day among children 1 through 5 years of age should be taught as part of general health education.

Source : Pubmed
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