Economic evaluation of a group randomized controlled trial on healthy eating and physical activity in afterschool programs.
Sommaire de l'article
Limited information is available on the cost-effectiveness of interventions to achieve healthy eating and physical activity policies in afterschool programs (ASPs). The objective of this study is to present the costs associated with a comprehensive intervention in ASPs. Intervention delivery inputs (IDIs) associated with a group randomized delayed treatment controlled trial involving 20 ASPs serving >1700 children (5-12yrs) were catalogued prospectively across 2-years (2014-2015). IDIs, analyzed 2015, were expressed as increases in per-child per-week enrollment fees based on a 34-week school year in US$. Total IDIs for year-1 were $15,058 (+$0.58/child/week enrollment fee). In year-2, total costs were $13,828 (+$0.52/child/week) for the delayed group and $7916 (+$0.30/child/week) for the immediate group, respectively. Site leader and staff hourly wages represented 11-17% and 45-46% of initial training costs; travel and trainer wages represented 31-42% and 50-58% of booster costs. Overall, a 1% increase in boys and girls, separately, accumulating 30 mins/d of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity ranged from $0.05 to $0.26/child/week, while a one-day increase in serving a fruit/vegetable or water, or not serving sugar-added foods/beverages ranged from $0.16 to $0.87/child/week. Costs associated with implementing the intervention were minimal. Additional efforts to reduce costs and improve intervention effectiveness are necessary.