Effect of common brassica vegetables (brussels sprouts and red cabbage) on the development of preneoplastic lesions induced by 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (iq) in liver and colon of fischer 344 rats
Sommaire de l'article
Aim of the present study was the investigation of effects of juices from commonly consumed Brassica vegetables (two cultivars of Brussels sprouts and two cultivars of red cabbage) on formation and development of preneoplastic lesions in colons (aberrant crypt foci, ACF) and livers (glutathione-S-transferase placental form, GST-P+) in male F344 rats. The foci were induced by 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), a widespread carcinogenic heterocyclic aromatic amine which is found in fried meats. Recently, we reported on pronounced protective effects in the two-organ foci model when the vegetable juices were given during the carcinogen treatment but several findings by other groups indicated that breakdown products of glucosinolates contained in Brassica vegetables cause tumour promotion in various organs of laboratory rodents. In the present study, the animals received the juices in the drinking water (5%) over a period of 20 days after treatment with IQ (100 mg/kg bw on 10 alternate days). To increase the foci yield (which facilitates the detection of modifying effects), the animals were fed with a modified (high fat, fibre free) AIN-76 diet. With exception of the sprout variety « Cyrus », all juices lowered the number of GST-P+ foci as well as the foci area in the liver, but none of these effects was statistically significant. In the colon, none of the juices had an impact on crypt multiplicity (number of crypts/focus), whereas the number of ACF was decreased; only with the sprout variety Maximus the protective effect was significant (reduction 49%). The present findings show that administration of vegetable juices to the animals after the carcinogen does not increase the number and size of IQ-induced preneoplastic lesions in liver and colon.