Effects of genetic and nutritional factors on bone mineral density in young adults.
Sommaire de l'article
To estimate the genetic and dietary factors influencing bone mineral density (BMD) in young adults, a total of 53 healthy volunteers (HV) (age 20.89+/-1.34), from whom informed consent was obtained, answered a questionnaire on dietary factors and had DNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells analyzed for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for vitamin (Vit) D receptor (VDR), estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha), interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL1RA), and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genes. Daily intakes of Vit C, fiber, soybean and related foods, and green and yellow vegetables showed a correlation with % BMD. In addition, Vit B2 as well as Vit C, and vegetables were identified as important factors for BMD by Stepwise regression analysis. Among the SNPs analyzed, the B+ type of the VDR gene tended to be associated with a lower BMD, and pp type of the ER gene digested by the PvuII enzyme in females indicated a significantly lower BMD than that in males. In addition, these SNPs were also identified by factor analysis to be associated with BMD. These results suggested that a complex array of genetic factors, such as two or more SNPs or SNPs and gender, may be important to BMD.