European food-based dietary guidelines: A comparison and update.

Auteur(s) :
Montagnese C., Pasanisi F., Santarpia L., Buonifacio M., Nardelli A., Caldara AR., Silvestri E., Contaldo F.
Date :
Juil, 2015
Source(s) :
NUTRITION. #31:7-8 p908-915
Adresse :
Interuniversity Center for Obesity and Eating Disorders, Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, Naples, Italy; CEINGE Biotecnologie Avanzate, Naples, Italy. Electronic address: montagnese@ceinge.unina.it.

Sommaire de l'article

OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to review and update information about food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) used by European countries.

METHODS
FBDGs from 34 European countries were collected and their pictorial representations, food groupings, and associated messages of healthy eating and behavior were compared.

RESULTS
FBDGs from 34 European countries were collected, representing 64% (34 of 53) of all European countries; 74% (28 of 34) are European Union members. Of these FBDGs, 67% (23 of 34) adopt the pyramid as a food guide illustration, and classify foods into five or six groups. The main food groups are grains, vegetables, fruits, and vegetables and fruits as a unified group. Some differences include the modality of food classification. Despite dietary pattern results from geographic conditions and cultural (ethnic) heritages, most nutritional key points are similar among the different European FBDGs: In particular, the basic message is to consume adequate amounts of grains, vegetables, and fruits with moderate intake of fats, sugars, meats, caloric beverages, and salt. Other healthy behaviors are frequently but not always indicated.

CONCLUSIONS
FBDGs still seem insufficient as far as ethnic peculiarities, agreement on how to group foods, and subgroup population nutritional requirements.

Source : Pubmed
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