Exon 5 polymorphisms in the o6-alkylguanine dna alkyltransferase gene and lung cancer risk in non-smokers exposed to second-hand smoke.
Sommaire de l'article
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to examine the association of three exon 5 variants in the O(6)-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) gene involved in the repair of the mutagenic DNA lesion O(6)-alkylguanine formed by nitrosamines, with lung cancer risk in never-smokers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Exon 5 of the AGT gene was sequenced in genomic DNA from 136 cases and 133 hospital- or population-based controls for whom questionnaire information on second-hand smoke and diet was available to determine the frequencies of the Gly(160)Arg, Ile(143)Val, and Lys(178)Arg variant alleles. RESULTS: No codon (160)Arg variant alleles were found in the study population. The codon (143)Val and (178)Arg variant alleles, present at allele frequencies of 0.07, showed 100% linkage. The odds ratio (OR) of lung cancer for these variant carriers was 2.05 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-4.07]. The risk varied between the different lung cancer pathologies with an increased risk for adenocarcinoma (OR 2.67, 95% CI 1.21-5.87) or small cell carcinoma (OR 4.83, 95% CI 0.91-25.7) but not for squamous cell carcinoma (OR 1.07, 95% CI 0.27-4.18). Compared with individuals carrying the mutant alleles unexposed to second-hand smoke, the OR for exposed variant carriers was 1.95 (95% CI 0.53-1.15); a similar interaction, although not significative, was observed for low consumption of cruciferous vegetables and for green vegetables and tomatoes. CONCLUSIONS: These results point toward a role of AGT polymorphisms in lung cancer susceptibility among never-smokers, in particular among subjects exposed to environmental carcinogens.