Factors within the family environment such as parents’ dietary habits and fruit and vegetable availability have the greatest influence on fruit and vegetable consumption by Polish children.

Auteur(s) :
Wolnicka K., Taraszewska AM., Jaczewska-Schuetz J., Jarosz M.
Date :
Oct, 2015
Source(s) :
Public health nutrition. #18:15 p2705-11
Adresse :
Department of Nutrition and Dietetic with Clinic of Metabolic Diseases and Gastroenterology,Division of School Nutrition,National Food and Nutrition Institute,ul. Powsińska 61/63,02-903, Warsaw, Poland. kwolnick@izz.waw.pl

Sommaire de l'article


To identify determinants of fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption among school-aged children.


A survey study was conducted in October 2010. The questionnaire contained questions concerning social and demographic data, lifestyle and dietary habits, particularly the frequency of F&V consumption, availability of F&V and knowledge about recommended amounts of F&V intake.


Polish primary schools.


Children (n 1255) aged 9 years from randomly selected primary schools and their parents.


The children's consumption of fruit and of vegetables was influenced by the fruit consumption and vegetable consumption of their parents (r=0·333 and r=0·273, respectively; P=0·001), parents encouraging their children to eat F&V (r=0·259 and r=0·271, respectively; P=0·001), giving children F&V to take to school (r=0·338 and r=0·321, respectively; P=0·001) and the availability of F&V at home (r=0·200 and r=0·296, respectively; P=0·001). Parental education influenced only the frequency of fruit consumption (r=0·074; P=0·01). A correlation between parents' knowledge of the recommended intakes and the frequency of vegetable and fruit consumption by children was noticed (r=0·258 and r=0·192, respectively, P=0·001).


Factors within the family environment such as parents' dietary habits and F&V availability had the greatest influence on the F&V consumption by children. Educational activities aimed at parents are crucial to increase the consumption of F&V among children.

Source : Pubmed