Food consumption and the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Auteur(s) :
Aromaa A., Jarvinen R., Knekt P., Montonen J., Reunanen A., Heliövaara M.
Date :
Mar, 2005
Source(s) :
European journal of clinical nutrition. #59:3 p441-448
Adresse :
National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland. jukka.montonen@ktl.fi

Sommaire de l'article

OBJECTIVE:
The consumption of different foods was studied for their ability to predict type II diabetes mellitus.

DESIGN:
The study design was a cohort study, based on the Finnish Mobile Clinic Health Examination Survey.

SETTING:
A total of 30 communities from different parts of Finland.

SUBJECTS:
A total of 4304 men and women, 40-69 y of age and free of diabetes at baseline in 1967-1972 and followed up for incidence of diabetes medication during 23 y (383 incident cases).

RESULTS:
Higher intakes of green vegetables, fruit and berries, oil and margarine, and poultry were found to predict a reduced risk of type II diabetes. The relative risks of developing type II diabetes between the extreme quartiles of the intakes were 0.69 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.50-0.93; P for trend (P) = 0.02) for green vegetables, 0.69 (CI = 0.51-0.92; P = 0.03) for fruit and berries, 0.71 (CI = 0.52-0.98; P = 0.01) for margarine and oil, and 0.71 (CI = 0.54-0.94; P = 0.01) for poultry.

CONCLUSION:
The results suggest that prevention of type II diabetes might be aided by consumption of certain foods that are rich in nutrients with hypothesized health benefits.

Source : Pubmed
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