Foods and nutrients in relation to bladder cancer risk: a case-control study in aichi prefecture, central japan

Auteur(s) :
Suzuki K., Itoh H., Kato T., Miller Kobayashi M., Murase T., Obata K., Ohno Y., Ohshima S., Okamura K., Otani T., Sakata T., Takashi M., Wakai K., Yuba H.
Date :
Déc, 1999
Source(s) :
Nutrition and cancer. #38:1 p13-22
Adresse :
Department of Preventive Medicine/Biostatistics and Medical Decision Making, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan. wakai@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp

Sommaire de l'article

« To elucidate the role of diet in the etiology of bladder cancer, we conducted a case-control study from 1996 to 1999 in Aichi Prefecture, Central Japan. Cases were patients newly diagnosed with bladder cancer, and one hospital control was selected for each case, matching gender, age, and hospital. A well-validated food frequency questionnaire was adopted to estimate intakes of nutrients and food groups. Odds ratios (ORs) adjusted for smoking and occupational history were computed using conditional logistic models. The analyses based on 297 cases and 295 controls revealed the following. 1) The more the intake of milk and dairy products, the lower the OR; the ORs across quartiles in all subjects were 1.02, 0.73, and 0.52. Fruit intake was negatively associated with the risk, particularly in men (ORs across quartiles = 0.76, 0.77, and 0.52). Green-yellow vegetables were associated with a decreased risk in the highest quartile of consumption in men (OR = 0.57). 2) Dietary intakes of retinol and saturated fatty acids were related to a reduced risk in all subjects (ORs across quartiles = 0.75, 0.54, and 0.66 and 0.55, 0.54, and 0.60, respectively). Monounsaturated fatty acids had an inverse association with bladder cancer risk in men. »

Source : Pubmed
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