Gender differences in the relationship between risk of hypertension and fruit intake.
Sommaire de l'article
To investigate the relationship between hypertension and fruit intake in an Asian population.
This study was based on the data from 2007, 2008 and 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. In the final analysis, a total of 9791 subjects (men=3819, women=5972) were included. Daily energy and nutrient intakes were assessed using 24-h recall. The odds ratios (ORs) for hypertension were assessed by using logistic regression and multivariable models.
A total of 10.6% of individuals were classified as having hypertension. Compared with the lowest quintile of fruit intake, the fifth quintile showed the lowest likelihood of hypertension (OR 0.73; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.61-0.88) after adjusting for age and gender. For women, the likelihood of hypertension in the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th quintiles of fruit intake decreased to 0.67 (95% CI, 0.34-1.30), 0.76 (0.56-1.05), 0.90 (0.67-1.22) and 0.54 (0.38-0.77), respectively, after adjusting for confounding factors (P value for trend=0.0011). An inverse association of fruit intake and hypertension was shown only in non-obese women. For men and obese women, there was no relationship between fruit intake and hypertension.
Dietary fruit recommendation for hypertension should be taken into account together with ethnic background, gender as well as the presence of obesity in individuals.