Hanging on the coat tails of the obesity epidemic: will metabolic syndrome be the next public health crisis and does nutrition have a role in its prevention?
Sommaire de l'article
JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
Abstract: Worldwide rates of obesity are on the increase and following in their tracks are increases in the metabolic syndrome (a cluster of characteristic features associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes). Along with these trends, healthcare costs are expected to escalate and part of the solution to coping with this situation is to direct the public health focus towards prevention. The situation is complicated by the fact that people are living longer and longer (and people gradually tend to put on weight as they get older). Cognisant of the major challenges ahead, funding agencies are supporting a variety of multidisciplinary projects, some of which are showcased here (Ob-Age and Lipgene), that are seeking to understand, on the one hand, the influence our genetic make-up has on the way our bodies handle particular nutrients and how these relationships relate to disease risk, and at the other end of the spectrum how the food chain can be manipulated to improve the nutritional value of the food we consume. Crucial to developing targeted dietary messages is a sound understanding of the nutritional value of foods. Weaknesses in current databases are being addressed by a pan-European Project, EuroFIR. Looking to the future, it is to be hoped that new research underway in the UK and around the world, some of which is referred to here, will inform policy that win enable us to really get to grips with the current trends in obesity and related conditions such as the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, which are currently threatening the improvements in life expectancy seen consistently around the world over the past 150 years. (c) 2006 Society of Chemical Industry.
Author Keywords: gene-nutrient interactions; metabolic syndrome; obesity; ageing; Lipgene; EuroFIR; Ob-Age
KeyWords Plus: DISEASE; DIET