Health, alcohol and psychosocial factors in eastern europe study: dietary patterns and their association with socio-demographic factors in the lithuanian urban population of kaunas city.
Sommaire de l'article
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the main dietary patterns in the Lithuanian urban population and to determine their association with socio-demographic factors.
METHODS: Data from the survey performed in the framework of the HAPIEE (Health, Alcohol, Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe) study were presented. A random sample of 7,087 individuals aged 45-72 years was screened in 2006-2008.
RESULTS: Factor analysis of the main dietary patterns revealed a five-factor solution, which accounted for 47.8% of the variance: « fresh vegetables and fruit »; « sweets »; « porridge and cereals »; « potatoes, meat, boiled vegetables and eggs »; « chicken and fish ». « Fresh vegetables and fruits » factor and « sweets » factor were inversely associated with age both in men and women: older people consumed less frequent than average of the particular food groups. Dietary patterns of people with good self-rated health and university education were healthier than among people with lower education and poorer health.
CONCLUSION: Nutrition education efforts should focus on improving food diversity, with particular targeting of lower educated, single and older people.