Household Factors, Family Behavior Patterns, and Adherence to Dietary and Physical Activity Guidelines Among Children at Risk for Obesity.

Auteur(s) :
Kunin-Batson AS., Seburg EM., Crain AL., Jaka MM., Langer SL., Levy RL., Sherwood NE.
Date :
Mar, 2015
Source(s) :
J NUTR EDUC BEHAV. #: p
Adresse :
HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Bloomington, MN. Electronic address: Alicia.S.KuninBatson@healthpartners.com

Sommaire de l'article

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the proportion of children adhering to recommended physical activity and dietary guidelines, and examine demographic and household correlates of guideline adherence.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional (pre-randomization) data from a behavioral intervention trial designed to prevent unhealthy weight gain in children.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 421 children (aged 5-10 years) at risk for obesity (body mass index percentile, 70-95).

MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURED:

Physical activity (accelerometry), screen time (parent survey), and fruit and vegetable and sugar-sweetened beverage intake (24-hour dietary recall).

ANALYSIS:

Proportions meeting guidelines were calculated. Logistic regression examined associations between demographic and household factors and whether children met recommended guidelines for (1) physical activity (≥ 60 min/d), (2) screen time (≤ 2 h/d), (3) fruit and vegetable intake (≥ 5 servings/d), and (4) sugar-sweetened beverage avoidance.

RESULTS:

Few children met more than 1 guideline. Only 2% met all 4 recommended guidelines and 19% met none. Each guideline had unique sociodemographic and domain-specific household predictors (ie, availability of certain foods and beverages, media, and active play and exercise equipment).

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Families equipped to promote healthy child behavior patterns in 1 activity or dietary domain may not be in others. Results have implications for the development of interventions to affect children's weight-related behaviors and growth trajectories.

Source : Pubmed
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