Impact evaluation of the northern fruit and vegetable pilot programme – a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

Auteur(s) :
Heroux M., Beynon C., Sangster Bouck M.
Date :
Nov, 2009
Source(s) :
PUBLIC HEALTH NUTR. #12:11 p2199-208
Adresse :
Public Health Research, Education and Development (PHRED) Programme, Ontario, Canada. drmeizihe@gmail.com

Sommaire de l'article

OBJECTIVE:
The purpose of this impact evaluation was to measure the influence of a government of Ontario, Canada health promotion initiative, the Northern Fruit and Vegetable Pilot Programme (NFVPP), on elementary school-aged children's psychosocial variables regarding fruit and vegetables, and fruit and vegetable consumption patterns.

DESIGN:
A cluster-randomised controlled trial design was used. The NFVPP consisted of three intervention arms: (i) Intervention I: Free Fruit and Vegetable Snack (FFVS) + Enhanced Nutrition Education; (ii) Intervention II: FFVS-alone; and (iii) Control group. Using the Pro-Children Questionnaire, the primary outcome measure was children's fruit and vegetable consumption, and the secondary outcome measures included differences in children's awareness, knowledge, self-efficacy, preference, intention and willingness to increase fruit and vegetable consumption.

SETTING/SUBJECTS:
Twenty-six elementary schools in a defined area of Northern Ontario were eligible to participate in the impact evaluation. A final sample size of 1,277 students in grades five to eight was achieved.

RESULTS:
Intervention I students consumed more fruit and vegetables at school than their Control counterparts by 0.49 serving/d (P < 0.05). Similarly, Intervention II students consumed more fruit and vegetables at school than Control students by 0.42 serving/d, although this difference was not statistically significant. Among students in both intervention groups, preferences for certain fruit and vegetables shifted from 'never tried it' towards 'like it'.

CONCLUSIONS:
The NFVPP resulted in positive changes in elementary school-aged children's fruit and vegetable consumption at school, and favourable preference changes for certain fruit and vegetables.

Source : Pubmed
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