Impact on environment, ecosystem, diversity and health from culturing and using GMOs as feed and food.

Auteur(s) :
Tsatsakis AM., Nawaz MA., Tutelyan VA., Golokhvast KS., Kalantzi OI., Chung DH., Kang SJ., Coleman MD., Tyshko N., Yang SH., Chung G.
Date :
Sep, 2017
Source(s) :
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association. #107 p108-121
Adresse :
Laboratory of Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

Sommaire de l'article

Modern agriculture provides the potential for sustainable feeding of the world's increasing population. Up to the present moment, genetically modified (GM) products have enabled increased yields and reduced pesticide usage. Nevertheless, GM products are controversial amongst policy makers, scientists and the consumers, regarding their possible environmental, ecological, and health risks. Scientific-and-political debates can even influence legislation and prospective risk assessment procedure. Currently, the scientifically-assessed direct hazardous impacts of GM food and feed on fauna and flora are conflicting; indeed, a review of literature available data provides some evidence of GM environmental and health risks. Although the consequences of gene flow and risks to biodiversity are debatable. Risks to the environment and ecosystems can exist, such as the evolution of weed herbicide resistance during GM cultivation. A matter of high importance is to provide precise knowledge and adequate current information to regulatory agencies, governments, policy makers, researchers, and commercial GMO-releasing companies to enable them to thoroughly investigate the possible risks.

Source : Pubmed