Informing maternity service development by surveying new mothers about preferences for nutrition education during their pregnancy in an area of social disadvantage.
Sommaire de l'article
A demonstrated link exists between maternal diet and maternal and infant health outcomes during and after pregnancy. A dietetic maternity service (0.6FTE for 3500 births) was introduced in 2012 at our hospital in a socially-disadvantaged area. We needed to develop evidence-based, patient-oriented improvements to nutrition services within resource limitations.
This cross-sectional study gathered knowledge, eating behaviours, and nutrition-related needs of our women ante- and postnatally to inform this process.
Women (?18 years) admitted to the postnatal ward completed our survey. Data including dietary quality, nutritional knowledge and interest in nutrition education were collected. Analysis included descriptive, chi-squared and t-tests.
Three hundred and nine eligible women responded (28±6 years, 27±7kg/m(2) pre-pregnancy body mass index, 12% gestational diabetes). Two-fifths (42%) self-reported gaining excess weight during pregnancy. One quarter reported knowing their gestational weight gain goals, yet only 1.6% was correct. Half reported interest in receiving nutrition education during pregnancy and post-delivery (45%, n=134; 43%, n=123, respectively). Women had poor diet quality (daily serves – fruit: 1.8±1.0; vegetables: 2.0±1.2; dairy: 1.9±1.2), despite identifying healthy eating as a personal priority. Nutrition topics requested included healthy eating for development of baby pre- and post-delivery and maternal weight management.
Women attending our hospital have dietary issues and levels of interest in nutrition similar to women in tertiary maternity centres. Service changes planned will explore formats that meet higher and lower education levels; group workshops may be supplemented by formats such as internet and DVD-delivered education to overcome access and literacy issues, respectively.