Investigating the effects of arctic dietary intake on lung health.

Auteur(s) :
Backer V., Bains KJ., Gibson PG., Powell H., Porsbjerg CM.
Date :
Mai, 2015
Source(s) :
European journal of clinical nutrition. #: p
Adresse :
Respiratory Research Unit, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark porsbjerg@dadlnet.dk

Sommaire de l'article

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE
Preservation of lung health requires understanding the modifiable risk factors of airflow limitation. This study investigates the association between diet and lung function in a population of Greenland Inuit residing in the Arctic (Greenland) or Western Europe (Denmark).

SUBJECTS/METHODS
Two unselected Inuit populations were recruited, one living in Greenland (Urban (Nuuk) n=358; Rural (Uummannaq) n=207) and the other in Denmark (n=539). Lung function was measured using spirometry and diet by a food frequency questionnaire. Factors associated with airflow limitation were assessed using multiple linear regression models.

RESULTS
The dietary composition differed significantly in the two regions, with higher whale, seal and wild meat intake and lower fruit and vegetable intake in the Arctic regions compared with Denmark. Consumption of vegetables (P=0.004) and whale and/or seal (P<0.0001) was significantly and positively associated with FEV1, as well as with FVC (vegetables: P=0.001, whale and/or seal: P=0.002). Regular fruit intake was included in the statistical models; however, it did not reach statistical significance (FEV1: P=0.053; FVC: P=0.055).

CONCLUSIONS
High dietary intake of vegetables as well as intake of arctic marine mammals had independent positive associations with lung function in this cohort of Greenlandic Inuit. These findings suggest an additive role of dietary intake of antioxidants and unsaturated fatty acids in lung health, which warrants prospective evaluation.

Source : Pubmed
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