Is greater acculturation associated with an increased prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among latinos in South Florida?

Auteur(s) :
Carrasquillo O., Alonzo Y., Li YH., Kenya S., Chang A., Ilangovan K., Koru-Sengul T.
Date :
Mai, 2015
Source(s) :
Medical care. #53:5 p417-22
Adresse :
Department of General Internal Medicine ?Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Biostatistics, University of Miami, Miami, FL. o.carrasquillo@miami.edu

Sommaire de l'article

OBJECTIVE
To examine the association of acculturation with various cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs) among Latinos with diabetes in South Florida.

METHODS
In a cross-sectional analysis of data collected from 300 Latinos with poorly controlled diabetes we measured acculturation using the Marin Short Acculturation Scale. We examined correlations between acculturation and the following 7 CRFs: hemoglobin A1C, low-density lipoprotein, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, smoking status, physical activity, and fruit and vegetable intake.

RESULTS
Cubans made up 38% of our population; no other Latino subgroup represented over 17% of the sample. Of the 8 outcomes examined, only smoking was associated with increased acculturation; 12% of Latinos in the 2 lowest acculturation groups were current smokers versus 25% in the highest acculturation group (P=0.02). Furthermore, Cuban Americans from our sample had over double the prevalence of smoking compared with non-Cubans in both the lowest and highest acculturation groups.

CONCLUSIONS
With the exception of smoking, our data does not support a link between increased acculturation and higher prevalence of CRFs in Latinos with diabetes. Smoking prevention and cessation programs targeting Latinos and particularly among Cubans are needed.

Source : Pubmed
Retour