Modified Healthy Eating Index and Incidence of Metabolic Syndrome in Children and Adolescents: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study.
Sommaire de l'article
To assess the relationship between modified healthy eating index (mHEI) with the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among children and adolescents.
Dietary data were collected using a food frequency questionnaire among 424 healthy subjects, aged 6-18 years. The components of mHEI were grains, vegetables and fruits, dairy, red to white meat ratio, butter, sweet snacks, sweetened beverages, salty snacks, and fast food. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the incidence of MetS after 3.6 years of follow-up in each quartile of the mHEI score, adjusted for baseline age, sex, total energy intake, physical activity, and body mass index.
The mean ± SD age and mHEI scores of participants were 13.6 ± 3.7 years and 55.9 ± 10.0, respectively, at baseline. MetS developed in 11% of the participants at the end of follow-up. After adjustment for confounders, the occurrences of MetS decreased in the highest quartile compared with the lowest quartile of the mHEI score (OR = 0.35, 95% CI 0.13-0.98, P for trend = .025). In addition, higher scores of mHEI components including fruits, salty snacks, and fast food were associated with lower risk of MetS.
Higher scores of mHEI as an indicator of diet quality may hinder the development of MetS among children and adolescents.