Natural Occurrence of Four Alternaria Mycotoxins in Tomato- and Citrus-Based Foods in China.
Sommaire de l'article
A total of 70 tomato-based and 86 citrus-based products collected in China were analyzed for alternariol, alternariol monomethyl ether, tentoxin, and tenuazonic acid by ultraperformance liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization–tandem mass spectrometry. No toxins were found in any fresh tomato or citrus fruit samples. Tenuazonic acid was the predominant toxin detected in all tomato ketchup (10.2–1787 μg/kg) and tomato juice samples (7.4–278 μg/kg). Alternariol was quantitated at higher level than alternariol monomethyl ether with the ratio of alternariol/alternariol monomethyl ether ranging from 0.37 to 104 in 14 alternariol-positive tomato ketchup samples. Tentoxin was detected at much lower levels in all samples analyzed. Some citrus juice samples were positive for tenuazonic acid and alternariol monomethyl ether. It is necessary to conduct a systemic surveillance of Alternaria toxins in raw and processed foods to provide the scientific basis for risk assessment of dietary exposure to these toxins in Chinese populations.