Neighborhood social and economic change and retail food environment change in Madrid (Spain): The heart healthy hoods study.
Sommaire de l'article
This study explores the association between neighborhood social and economic change from 2009 to 2013 and changes in the retail food environment from 2013 to 2017 in Madrid (Spain). We classified neighborhoods into four types: decreasing SES, new housing/gentrifying, increasing SES, and aging (population and housing). Food store data was obtained from a retail spaces census and classified as supermarket, specialized small store, or fruit and vegetable store. Compared to aging areas, new housing/gentrifying and areas with increasing SES had a higher baseline presence and proportion of supermarkets and a lower proportion of specialized stores and fruit and vegetable stores. Areas with decreasing SES had an initially higher presence and proportion of fruit and vegetable stores but showed a declining trend in both presence and proportion of fruit and vegetable stores.