Nutrient intakes and dietary patterns of young children by dietary fat intakes
Sommaire de l'article
To determine whether low fat intake is associated with increased risk of nutritional inadequacy in children 2 to 8 years old and to identify eating patterns associated with differences in fat intake.
Using 2 days of recall from the Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals (CSFII), 1994 to 1996, we classified 2802 children into quartiles of energy intake from fat (<29%, 29% to 31.9% [defined as moderate fat], 32% to 34.9%, and greater than or equal to 35%) and compared nutrient intakes, the proportion of children at risk for inadequate intakes, Food Pyramid servings, and fat content per serving across quartiles.
here children in quartile 2 were at risk for inadequate intakes of vitamin E, calcium, and zinc than children in higher quartiles (P < .0001); more children in quartiles 3 and 4 were at risk for inadequate intakes of vitamins A and C and folate (P < .001). Fruit intake decreased across quartiles (P < .0001); whereas vegetable, meat, and fat-based condiment intakes increased (P < .0001). Fat per serving of grain, vegetables, dairy, and meat increased across quartiles (P < .0001).
Moderate-fat diets were not consistently associated with an increased proportion of children at risk for nutritional inadequacy, and higher-fat diets were not consistently protective against inadequacy. Dietary fat-could be reduced by judicious selection of lower-fat foods without compromising nutritional adequacy.