Nutritional determinants of plasma homocysteine.
Sommaire de l'article
The total Hcy, methionine, vitamin B12, folic acid and vitamin B6 blood concentrations were measured in apparently healthy adult subjects aged 20-30 years with three types of nutrition – 52 normal weight subjects of general population on traditional mixed diet (non-vegetarians), 52 normal weight vegetarians and 24 overweight and obese non-vegetarians. In the groups with lower methionine intake (vegetarians, normal weight non-vegetarians; methionine intake 0.45-2.12 g/day), Hcy values are dependent on vitamin B12 and folic acid. Vegetarian Hcy concentration is significantly increased and hyperhomocysteinemia was found in 35% of vegetarians vs 10% of non-vegetarians. Elevated Hcy values in vegetarians are the consequence of vitamin B12 deficiency – 31% of vegetarians with deficient serum values vs 2% of non-vegetarians (vitamin is not contained in plant food). Non-vegetarians are more deficient in folic acid (8% vs 0% in vegetarians) due to of lower consumption of food rich in folic acid (vegetables, whole grain products, pulses, seeds). The results suggest that in healthy population, a correct nutritional regime with an optimal intake of nutritional Hcy determinants is crucial for the maintenance of Hcy concentration in normal range and for the prevention of hyperhomocysteinemia (Tab. 2, Fig. 2, Ref. 27). Full Text (Free, PDF) www.bmj.sk.