Plasma c-reactive protein concentrations in active and passive smokers: influence of antioxidant supplementation.
Sommaire de l'article
OBJECTIVE: C-reactive protein (CRP) may directly affect the progression of atherosclerosis, and therefore, may be a target for reducing disease risk. The objective was to determine whether antioxidant supplementation reduces plasma CRP in active and passive smokers. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group trial with 2 months exposure to study supplements. SETTING: Berkeley and Oakland, California. SUBJECTS: Healthy adult men and women, consuming or =10.0 mg/L). A total of 1393 individuals were screened, 216 randomized, 203 completed the study, and 160 were included in the analysis. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to receive a placebo or vitamin C (515 mg/day) or antioxidant mixture (per day: 515 mg vitamin C, 371 mg alpha-tocopherol, 171 mg gamma-tocopherol, 252 mg mixed tocotrienols, and 95 mg alpha-lipoic acid). Measures of Outcome: Change in plasma CRP concentration. RESULTS: Vitamin C supplementation yielded a 24.0% reduction (95% confidence interval, -38.9% to -5.5%, p = 0.036 compared to control) in plasma CRP, whereas the antioxidant mixture and placebo produced a nonsignificant 4.7% reduction (-23.9% to 19.3%) and 4.3% increase (-15.1% to 28.2%), respectively. Results were adjusted for baseline body mass index and CRP concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma CRP itself may serve as a potential target for reducing the risk of atherosclerosis, and antioxidants, including vitamin C, should be investigated further to confirm their CRP-lowering and anti-inflammatory effects.