Population health impact of cancer in canada, 2001.
Sommaire de l'article
Chronic Dis Can. 2007;28(1-2):42-55. Links
Summary measures of population health that incorporate morbidity provide a new perspective for health policy and priority setting. Health-adjusted life years (HALYs) lost to a disease combine the impact of years of life lost to premature mortality and morbidity, measured as year-equivalents lost to reduced functioning. HALYs for 25 cancers were estimated from mortality and incidence in 2001 in Canada; population-attributable fractions were estimated for major risk factors contributing to these cancers. Results from this analysis indicate that Canadians would lose an estimated 905,000 health-adjusted years of life to cancer for 2001, including 771,000 to premature mortality and 134,000 to morbidity from incident cases (years discounted at 3 percent). Most of the estimated premature mortality was due to lung cancer; morbidity was largely due to breast, prostate and colorectal cancers. An estimated one quarter of HALYs lost to cancer were attributable to smoking and almost one quarter were attributable to alcohol consumption, lack of fruit and vegetables, obesity and physical inactivity combined. These results are a significant advance in measuring the population health impact of cancer in Canada because they incorporate morbidity as well as mortality. Key words: burden of disease, cancer, DALY, HALY, health status indicators, population health, quality of life, summary measures.