Presence of diverse ratios of lycopene/beta-carotene in five pink or red-fleshed citrus cultivars
Sommaire de l'article
Pink or red-fleshed fruit mutations are commonly found in grapefruit, sweet orange, and occasionally in lemon, which combine novel appearance with fine eating quality. In order to identify the major coloured pigments, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ultraviolet detection was applied for the separation and characterization of carotenoids from five pink or red-fleshed citrus cultivars. As a result, both lycopene and P-carotene with similar HPLC profiles were detected in the five citrus cultivars, 'Fengdu' red-fleshed pomelo (Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck), 'Guanxi' sweet pomelo red mutant, 'Hirado Buntan' pomelo, 'Cara Cara Navel' orange (C. sinensis (L.) Osbeck) and 'Star Ruby' grapefruit (C. paradisi Macf.). 'Star Ruby' contained the highest lycopene and P-carotene content in its flesh. However, although the significant correlation between the concentrations of lycopene and P-carotene was detected with a coefficient of 0.9692 (P < 0.01), ratios of lycopene/beta-carotene were different among the cultivars. Post-harvest biosynthesis verified that the flesh itself synthesized carotenoids rather than acquiring them via transport from other tissues. In addition, a product feedback regulation mechanism might be involved in the process of carotenoid biosynthesis.