Priming healthy eating: you can’t prime all the people all of the time.

Auteur(s) :
Forwood SE., Hollands GJ., Marteau TM., Ahern AL., Ng YL.
Date :
Jan, 2015
Source(s) :
Appetite. # p
Adresse :
Behaviour and Health Research Unit, University of Cambridge, UK. Electronic address: Sef26@cam.ac.uk.

Sommaire de l'article

OBJECTIVE
In the context of a food purchasing environment filled with advertising and promotions, and an increased desire from policy makers to guide individuals towards choosing healthier foods, this study tests whether priming methods that use healthy food adverts to increase preference for healthier food generalize to a representative population.

METHODS
In two studies (Study 1 n= 143; Study 2 n=764), participants were randomly allocated to a prime condition, where they viewed fruit and vegetable advertisements, or a control condition, with no advertisements. A subsequent forced choice task assessed preference between fruits and other sweet snacks. Additional measures included current hunger and thirst, dietary restraint, age, gender, education and self-reported weight and height.

RESULTS
In Study 1, hunger reduced preferences for fruits (OR (95% CI) = 0.38 (0.26 – 0.56), p < 0.0001), an effect countered by the prime (OR (95% CI) = 2.29 (1.33 – 3.96), p = 0.003). In Study 2, the effect of the prime did not generalize to a representative population. More educated participants, as used in Study 1, chose more fruit when hungry and primed (OR (95% CI) = 1.42 (1.13 – 1.79), p=0.003), while less educated participants' fruit choice was unaffected by hunger or the prime.

CONCLUSION
This study provides preliminary evidence that the effects of adverts on healthy eating choices depend on key individual traits (education level) and states (hunger), do not generalize to a broader population and have the potential to increase health inequalities arising from food choice.

Source : Pubmed
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