Quantitation of carotenoids in raw and processed fruits in japan

Auteur(s) :
Kato M., Ogawa K., Yano M., Matsumoto H., Nagao A., Sugiura M., Ikoma Y., Kawasaki A., Fukazawa Y., Oohara Y.
Date :
Fév, 2005
Source(s) :
FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH. #11:1 p13-18
Adresse :
Addresses: Yano M (reprint author), Natl Inst Fruit Tree Sci, Dept Citrus Res Okitsu, Shimizu Ku, 485-6 Okitsunakacho, Shizuoka 4240292 Japan Natl Inst Fruit Tree Sci, Dept Citrus Res Okitsu, Shimizu Ku, Shizuoka 4240292 Japan Saga Prefectural Fruit Tree Res Stn, Ogi, Saga 8450041 Japan Natl Food Res Inst, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3058642 Japan Japan Int Res Ctr Agr Sci, Okinawa Subtrop Stn, Okinawa 9070002 Japan E-mail Addresses: ym6082@affrc.go.jp

Sommaire de l'article

Abstract: To obtain the quantitative and qualitative data available for estimating the intake of carotenoids from fruits in Japan, carotenoids were analyzed with reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Ten carotenoids were examined in 75 raw fruits and 15 processed fruits, all of which were harvested or purchased in Japan. Phytoene was detected in 58 of 90 fruit samples; C-carotene, in 50 of 90; lycopene, in 13 of 90; a-carotene, in 18 of 90; lutein, in 56 of 90; beta-carotene, in 80 of 90; beta-cryptoxanthin, in 68 of 90; zeaxanthin, in 58 of 90; all-trans-violaxanthin, in 55 of 90; and 9-cis-violaxanthin, in 47 of 90 samples. Citrus fruits of the mandarin type (Satsuma mandarin and its hybrids, such as tangor) were rich n beta-cryptoxanthin, beta-carotene, all-trans-violaxanthin, and 9-cis-violaxanthin; ‘Star ruby’ grapefruit in lycopene; loquat, Japanese persimmon, and peach in beta-cryptoxanthin, beta-carotene, all-trans-violaxanthin, and 9-cis-violaxanthin; mango in beta-carotene, all-trans-violaxanthin, and 9-cis-violaxanthin; acerolas in phytoene; passion fruits in C-carotene. Carotenoid levels in common fruits, such as apple, grape, lemon, pear, strawberry, kiwifruit, cherry, pineapple, and banana, were low.

Source : Pubmed
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