Relationship between socioeconomic variables and obesity in korean adolescents.
Sommaire de l'article
Background: Despite the importance of obesity and its association with socioeconomic status, little is known about this condition in Korean adolescents. We examined the relationship between obesity in Korean adolescents and several socioeconomic variables and compared the association of obesity with conventional and subjective indicators of socioeconomic status.Methods: The study comprised 60 643 Korean adolescents aged 12 to 18 years who participated in the 2007 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey. The dependent variable, obesity, and the independent variables of parental education levels, family affluence scale, subjective family economic status, and subjective school achievement were collected by using a self-administered anonymous questionnaire. Data on behavioral and psychological characteristics were also collected and used as confounding factors. Multivariate logistic regression was conducted to identify associations between socioeconomic status and obesity.Results: In the descriptive analysis, adolescents with low parental education, low family affluence level, low subjective family economic status, and low subjective school achievement were more likely to be obese. However, after controlling for other risk factors in multivariate analysis, only the associations with subjective family economic status and subjective school achievement remained statistically significant.Conclusions: Our results provide further evidence that the prevalent pattern of obesity in Korean adolescents-i.e., the inverse relationship between obesity and socioeconomic status-is similar to that in developed countries. In addition, these findings support the hypothesis that, as compared with objective socioeconomic status, subjective social status is more closely related to obesity