Results of a 3-year, nutrition and physical activity intervention for children in rural, low-socioeconomic status elementary schools.

Auteur(s) :
King KM., Ling J.
Date :
Août, 2015
Source(s) :
Health education research. #30:4 p647-659
Adresse :
Department of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Louisville, 110b Crawford, Louisville, KY 40292, USA and

Sommaire de l'article

Improving children's nutrition and physical activity have become priorities in the United States. This quasi-experimental study evaluated the longitudinal effects of a 3-year, school-based, health promotion intervention (i.e. nutrition and physical education, classroom physical activity, professional development and health promotion for teachers and families, and strengthening wellness policies and family/community partnerships) on children's health behaviors in four, rural, low-socioeconomic status elementary schools. A total of 999 kindergarten to third-grade children participated in data collection consisting of 4-day pedometer tracking and previous-day fruits and vegetables consumption recall from baseline in January, 2011 through 12 follow-up assessments ending May, 2013. The mixed-effects regression models showed that children's nutrition and physical activity behaviors significantly improved over the 3-year intervention. The percentages of children who met the nutrition recommendation increased from 11 to 23% for girls and 12 to 23% for boys, while the percent who met the physical activity recommendation increased from 1 to 16% for girls and 3 to 7% for boys.

Further, children's age and their school impacted certain intervention effects.

This school-based intervention could be disseminated to promote healthy behaviors among rural disadvantaged children. Engaging parents and community partnerships is recommended to expand the traditional, children-focused education interventions.

Source : Pubmed